Since 2002, the annual African Economic Outlook has been charting the progress of the continent’s economies. Africa was propelled by seven years of strong growth from 2002 to 2008, only to be stopped in its tracks by the world’s deepest and most widespread recession in half a century. This edition finds the continent struggling to get back on its feet and identify new, more crisis-resilient practices for moving forward. In this context, decision makers in African and OECD countries, both in the public and private sectors, will find this year's analysis of particular interest for their activities.
Jointly published by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the OECD Development Centre and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the African Economic Outlook project is generously supported by the European Development Fund. It combines the expertise accumulated by the OECD – which produces the OECD Economic Outlook twice yearly – with the knowledge of the AfDB, UNECA and a network of African research institutions on African economies.
This year’s Outlook reviews recent economic, social and political developments and the short-term likely evolution of 50 African countries. The African Economic Outlook is drawn from a country-by-country analysis based on a unique common framework. This includes a forecasting exercise for 2010 to 2012 using a simple macroeconomic model, together with an analysis of the social and political context. Its overview chapter provides a comparative synthesis of African country prospects which places the evolution of African economies in the world economic context. A statistical appendix completes the volume.
African Economic Outlook 2010 focuses on public resource mobilisation and aid in Africa, presenting a comprehensive review of best practices in tax administration, policies and multilateral agreements, including recommendations for meeting future challenges. The role that aid should play to help African countries mobilise their public resources to meet their development goals is also discussed. The original dataset that resulted from the 50-country analysis will be made available for free on www.africaneconomicoutlook.org.
- 22 June 2010
Sudan is the third largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and Angola. Oil remains the main driver of growth although agriculture still accounts for more than one third of GDP and nearly two-thirds of employment. Oil accounted for 22% of GDP in 2008 and oil revenue has contributed greatly to the reconstruction of the economy in the aftermath of the civil war, especially in enabling the government to develop the road and energy infrastructure. Apart from this spending, there is no other programme of large scale distribution of oil revenues across the states nor focus on the poor. Sudan has been adversely affected by the global economic slowdown and the decline in international oil prices since the last quarter of 2008. Oil revenue dropped by about 21% in 2009 from USD 11.1 billion in 2008 but it is expected to increase to USD 12.4 billion in 2010 as prices recover.