Developing national action plans against racial discrimination

Developing national action plans against racial discrimination

A practical guide You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
UN
21 July 2014
Pages:
110
ISBN:
9789210563512 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/3d19033e-en

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Racism and racial discrimination hinder progress and cause suffering for millions of people in all countries around the world. Lasting improvements to counter racial discrimination at the national level require political will and a sustained and comprehensive approach. This publication is a tool for national human rights institutions (NHRIs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as individuals and groups affected by racial discrimination. It focuses on the need for comprehensive strategies and policies in the fight against racial discrimination, provides background information on the concept of national human rights action plans, and describes in detail the different phases for producing a national action plan with examples on how to set realistic objectives, clear targets and specific goals.
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  • Foreword
    The prohibition of racial discrimination is enshrined in all core international human rights instruments, placing obligations on States and tasking them with eradicating discrimination in the public and private spheres. In 2001, the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance produced the most authoritative and comprehensive programme for combating these scourges: the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action. The Durban Review Conference in 2009 and the commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the World Conference against Racism two years later evidenced a renewed commitment to the racial equality agenda.
  • Executive summary
    This publication is a practical guide for the development of national action plans against racial discrimination. A national action plan is the basis for the development of a comprehensive public policy against racial discrimination and can therefore help States give effect to their international human rights obligations related to the elimination of racial discrimination.
  • Introduction
    Non-discrimination and equality before the law and of the law constitute fundamental principles of international human rights law. The notion of equality is inseparable from that of human dignity essential to each and every person. Respect for human rights and the principles of equality and non-discrimination are interdependent and underpin the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the main international human rights treaties. Additionally, according to the International Court of Justice, the prohibition of racial discrimination constitutes an erga omnes obligation.
  • Significance of national action plans against racial discrimination
    This chapter contains background information on the concept of national human rights action plans as well as on the need to develop or elaborate action plans to prevent, combat and eradicate racial discrimination. While taking into account that each State requires a different approach, this chapter describes some of the general characteristics, principles, advantages and challenges applicable to all national action plans against racial discrimination.
  • Recommended contents
    Determining the contents of a national action plan against racial discrimination is crucial because the commitments described in it will constitute benchmarks by which its success will be measured.
  • Putting in place a national action plan against racial discrimination
    A national action plan against racial discrimination is both an outcome and a process, with each aspect being equally important. The outcome is the plan itself and the activities that flow from it. The process through which a national action plan is developed will influence its chances of success, and the involvement of groups that are or could be affected by racial discrimination in each stage of the plan is key to its realization.
  • Recommended structure
    It is imperative for a national action plan against racial discrimination to have a clear, systematic and logical structure. This will make it easier for the general public to understand and accept it, and for the State bodies responsible for its implementation to incorporate it in their planning. Moreover, a clear, systematic and logical plan will be easier to monitor and evaluate.
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