OECD Digital Economy Papers

OECD Declaration on Transborder Data Flows
ISSN :
2071-6826 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/20716826
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The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how information and communication technologies (ICTs) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being. The OECD Digital Economy Papers series covers a broad range of ICT-related issues and makes selected studies available to a wider readership. They include policy reports, which are officially declassified by an OECD Committee, and occasional working papers, which are meant to share early knowledge.
 
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Mark Number Date TitleClick to Access
  N° 151   12 Jan 2009 Click to Access:  The Influence of Market Developments and Policies on Telecommunication Investment
Yoshikazu Okamoto
This paper assembles some evidence on developments in investment by incumbent and alternative telecommunications operators during the period 2000-2005. The quality of data on investment is not in general sufficient to clearly differentiate between investment by new entrants and investment by...
  N° 152   15 Apr 2009 Click to Access:  Network Externality Premiums and International Telecommunication Traffic Exchange
OECD
The aim of this paper is to examine the economic impact of proposals to add a non-cost "premium" to international telecommunication charges. This work follows up on earlier OECD work which examined international traffic exchange. The paper concludes that attempts to use non-market methods, and...
  N° 154   19 May 2009 Click to Access:  The Role of Communication Infrastructure Investment in Economic Recovery
Taylor Reynolds
Broadband networks are increasingly recognised as fundamental for economic and social development. They serve as a communication and transaction platform for the entire economy and can improve productivity across all sectors. Advanced communication networks are a key component of innovative...
  N° 155   22 May 2009 Click to Access:  Towards Green ICT Strategies
Christian Reimsbach-Kounatze
This survey analyses 92 government programmes and business initiatives across 22 OECD countries plus the European Commission. Fifty of these have been introduced by governments and the remaining 42 have been developed by business associations, mostly international. Over two-thirds of these...
  N° 159   01 June 2009 Click to Access:  Policy Responses to the Economic Crisis
Dominique Guellec, Sacha Wunsch-Vincent
The OECD is developing a strategic response to the crisis focusing on two priority areas: finance, competition and governance; and restoring long-term growth. As part of this strategic response, the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) has analysed the likely impact of...
  N° 156   02 June 2009 Click to Access:  ENUM: Converging Telephone Numbers and Addresses in Next Generation Networks
Thomas de Haan
The OECD Document "Convergence and Next Generation Networks" analysed developments in Next Generation Networks (NGN), and the convergence of core and access networks. The aim of that paper was to review areas where policy changes may be required and to put forward recommendations...
  N° 157   04 June 2009 Click to Access:  Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
Byung-Wook Kwon
The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of developments in broadband power line technologies and related policy issues. The electric power grid is a hostile environment for high-speed data transmission, but after years of development, the technology to deliver high-speed data over the...
  N° 158   10 June 2009 Click to Access:  Information Economy Product Definitions Based on the Central Product Classification (version 2)
OECD
Product classifications are used by statistical offices and others for a number of measurement purposes. These include measurement of product usage, current and capital expenditure on products, domestic production, and trade in goods and services. They are therefore an important element of a...
  N° 160   11 June 2009 Click to Access:  The Role of Digital Identity Management in the Internet Economy
OECD
This primer aims to provide policy makers a broad-brush understanding of the various dimensions of digital identity management (IdM). Consistent with the Seoul Ministerial Declaration, it also aims to support efforts to address public policy issues for securely managing and protecting digital...
  N° 161   30 June 2009 Click to Access:  Mobile Broadband
Although, the number of OECD countries that publish data on the number of mobile broadband subscribers is not large, growth is significant in markets where data are available. This paper provides an overview of prices, speeds and data caps of mobile broadband services. 99 and 58 operators in...
  N° 162   30 July 2009 Click to Access:  Measuring the Relationship between ICT and the Environment
Sheridan Roberts
While the links between ICT and environmental outcomes are becoming clearer, there is no separate statistical field that links the two. Nevertheless, some data are available from official statistical sources, from analytical work and from product life cycle studies. This paper suggests a...
  N° 163   17 Aug 2009 Click to Access:  The Impact of the Crisis on ICTs and their Role in the Recovery
Arthur Mickoleit, Christian Reimsbach-Kounatze, Cristina Serra-Vallejo, Graham Vickery, Sacha Wunsch-Vincent
The ICT industry had a tough start to 2009, with almost all first quarter indicators declining, often very sharply. There are signs of recovery, with the rate of decline bottoming out and turning up in the most recent cyclical data (May/June 2009), with positive month-on-month growth for most...
  N° 167   01 Dec 2009 Click to Access:  Smart Sensor Networks
OECD
This report gives an overview of sensor technology and fields of application of sensors and sensor networks. It discusses in detail selected fields of application that have high potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reviews studies quantifying the environmental impact. The review of...
  N° 164   09 Dec 2009 Click to Access:  Network Developments in Support of Innovation and User Needs
James Enck, Taylor Reynolds
This report makes a case for investment in a competitive, open-access national fibre-to-the-home network rollout based on potential spillovers in four key sectors of the economy: electricity, health, transportation and education. This research offers a new approach to evaluating the costs of...
  N° 165   10 Dec 2009 Click to Access:  Indicators of Broadband Coverage
The aim of this report is to assist policy makers in providing an overview of how broadband physical coverage and availability can be measured. It first summarises what data are available from official and non-official sources. The approach taken by the report is to consider coverage and...
  N° 166   21 Dec 2009 Click to Access:  International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area
OECD
The aim of this report is to provide information and analysis on market developments and pricing in international mobile roaming service (IMRS). While the wireless industry has witnessed spectacular developments in recent years, and is considered competitive in domestic markets, there is a...
  N° 169   18 Mar 2010 Click to Access:  Wireless Broadband Indicator Methodology
OECD
The wireless broadband methodology is the result of several rounds of contributions from, and indepth discussions among, member countries. The new indicator will assist in informing policy makers and other stakeholders in this increasingly important market segment. The OECD began collecting...
  N° 170   23 Mar 2010 Click to Access:  Developments in Cable Broadband Networks
Hyun-Cheol Chung
The position of cable operators within the pay TV market has changed drastically in recent years. Although video service remains core to the cable industry’s business model, cable TV’s market share has been dropping significantly with intense competition from direct broadcast satellite services...
  N° 168   29 Mar 2010 Click to Access:  International Mobile Roaming Services
OECD
The first report on international mobile roaming services ("International Mobile Roaming Charging in the OECD Area", DSTI/ICCP/CISP(2009)8/FINAL), provided information on market development and pricing of International Mobile Roaming Services (IMRS) in the OECD area. It found prices to...
  N° 171   08 Apr 2010 Click to Access:  The Economic and Social Role of Internet Intermediaries
Karine Perset
As the Internet has grown to permeate all aspects of the economy and society, so too has the role of Internet intermediaries that give access to, host, transmit and index content originated by third parties or provide Internet-based services to third parties. They enable a host of activities...
  N° 172   09 Apr 2010 Click to Access:  Internet Addressing: Measuring Deployment of IPV6
Karine Perset
One of the major challenges for the future of the Internet is its ability to scale to connect billions of people and devices. A key part of scalability is the Internet Protocol (IP). The Internet Protocol specifies how communications take place between one device and another through an...
  N° 173   22 June 2010 Click to Access:  Geographically Segmented Regulation for Telecommunications
OECD
Regulatory authorities in most OECD countries have traditionally adopted a national geographic area focus when framing the geographic scope of telecommunications markets. Arguments stemming from market analysis economics suggest that differential regulation be considered between geographic...
  N° 174   30 June 2010 Click to Access:  The Information and Communication Technology Sector in India
OECD
apid growth in globally competitive Indian information technology services has helped to transform the Indian economy.
  N° 175   21 Feb 2011 Click to Access:  Broadband Bundling
OECD
Bundling can provide both benefits and drawbacks to broadband customers. In general, bundled services are less expensive when purchased together and consumer surplus from one good in the bundle can help "subsidise" another less-valued element. Bundling also allows the integration of products in...
  N° 177   31 Mar 2011 Click to Access:  National Strategies and Policies for Digital Identity Management in OECD Countries
OECD
This paper analyses and compares national strategies for digital identity management in OECD countries. These strategies aim to drive innovation for e-government and for the broader Internet economy while remaining consistent with current national identity practices.
  N° 176   06 Apr 2011 Click to Access:  The Evolving Privacy Landscape: 30 Years After the OECD Privacy Guidelines
OECD
Thirty years ago OECD governments adopted a set of Guidelines governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. Faced with twin concerns about threats to privacy from more intensive use of personal data and the risk to the global economy of restrictions on the flow of...
  N° 178   27 Apr 2011 Click to Access:  Report on the Implementation of the OECD Recommendation on Cross-border Co-operation in the Enforcement of Laws Protecting Privacy
OECD
In 2007, the OECD Council adopted a Recommendation setting forth a framework for co-operation in the enforcement of privacy laws. This report provides information on the progress in implementation measures, which is based in part on a survey of OECD member countries’ experiences.
  N° 179   02 May 2011 Click to Access:  The Protection of Children Online
OECD
As increasing numbers of children worldwide enjoy the benefits of the Internet, they also face a spectrum of risks to which they are more vulnerable than adults. This report examines these risks as well as the policy responses of governments and other stakeholders to improve the protection of...
  N° 180   30 May 2011 Click to Access:  International Mobile Data Roaming
OECD
Regulators and policy makers should boost competition among mobile telephone operators to cut the high prices being charged for international data roaming. Analysis of pricing plans at 68 operators in the 34 OECD countries points to a strong case for new consumer protection and empowerment measures.
  N° 181   15 June 2011 Click to Access:  National Broadband Plans
OECD
This report surveys national broadband plans (NBP) across the OECD area, providing an overview of common elements and goals in those plans. An annex to this report contains references and links to the plans.
  N° 182   16 June 2011 Click to Access:  Fibre Access
OECD
This report examines recent developments regarding the use of fibre to provide local access networks for the provision of broadband access. Countries across the OECD are adopting different approaches to stimulate investment and to define the terms of competition to end-users in a Fibre to the...
  N° 184   17 June 2011 Click to Access:  Virtual Worlds
OECD
Virtual worlds are increasingly evolving into Internet-mediated "spaces", where large groups of people meet and interact in real-time while experiencing a shared sensation of being there together. This enables richer and more dynamic social interaction and collaboration across national and...
  N° 183   20 June 2011 Click to Access:  Next Generation Access Networks and Market Structure
OECD
This report focuses on developments in broadband market structures emerging from the deployment of high-speed broadband services and the policy and regulatory implications.
  N° 185   31 Oct 2011 Click to Access:  Terms of Reference for the Review of the OECD Guidelines Governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Data Flows of Personal Data
OECD
These terms of reference articulate a shared view among OECD members about key aspects of the current context for privacy protection and provide orientation for further work on the review of the OECD Privacy Guidelines in light of changing technologies, markets and user behaviour and the...
  N° 186   23 Nov 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons
OECD
This report explains why digital identity management is fundamental for the further development of the Internet economy. It also provides guidance for digital identity strategies that support innovation across the public and private sectors while enhancing security, privacy and trust online.
  N° 188   08 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Measuring Digital Local Content
Chris Bruegge
This paper discusses the ways to quantify the local content that can be delivered through the internet. Several indicators are proposed; for each indicator the paper discusses available data, presents strengths of a given measure and outlines its potential drawbacks.
  N° 187   08 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law
Christopher Kuner
Transborder data flows have become increasingly important in economic, political, and social terms over the 30 years since the adoption, in 1980, of the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. A fundamental change in the business and technological...
  N° 189   20 Dec 2011 Click to Access:  Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis
Pierre Montagnier, Albrecht Wirthmann
This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach. First, the...
  N° 190   10 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  ICT Applications for the Smart Grid
OECD
The smart grid is revolutionizing electricity production and consumption. However, strategic use of ICTs and the Internet in energy innovation requires clarifying the roles of partners coming from distinct industries. And it begs for greater coordination of government departments and...
  N° 191   27 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  Estimation of Loss in Consumer Surplus Resulting from Excessive Pricing of Telecommunication Services in Mexico
Marta Stryszowska
The present study evaluates the loss in consumer surplus caused by the low degree of competition in the Mexican telecommunication sector which results in relatively high prices, and also leads to lower levels of consumption across the range of telecommunication services. Econometric techniques...
  N° 192   30 Jan 2012 Click to Access:  Machine-to-Machine Communications
OECD
This document examines the future of machine-to-machine communication (M2M), with a particular focus on mobile wireless networks. M2M devices are defined, in this paper, as those that are actively communicating using wired and wireless networks, are not computers in the traditional sense and...
  N° 193   28 Feb 2012 Click to Access:  Developments in Mobile Termination
OECD
Wholesale interconnection rates for mobile telephony service in the OECD area have decreased by 53% from 2006 to 2011. The charges, or mobile termination rates (MTRs), represent the fees that telecommunication network operators (fixed, mobile and VoIP) pay for delivering telephone calls to...
  N° 201   14 Mar 2012 Click to Access:  Laying the Foundation for the Internet Economy
OECD
Since the Seoul Declaration, access to broadband networks and the Internet have constantly increased. In terms of fixed broadband, penetration levels are close to maturity. In addition, further deployments of fibre networks have taken place; however, overall deployment of fibre is still at an...
  N° 202   30 Mar 2012 Click to Access:  Review of the 2006 OECD Recommendation on Cross-Border Co-operation in the Enforcement of Laws Against SPAM
OECD
In 2006 the OECD Council adopted a recommendation setting forth a framework for cross-border co-operation in the enforcement of laws against spam. This report provides information on the progress in implementation measures, mainly based on a questionnaire of OECD member’s experiences.
  N° 195   13 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Information and Communication Technologies and Productivity Growth
Tobias Kretschmer
This paper presents a review of existing studies on dynamic, macroeconomic effects of the ICT on productivity and growth.
  N° 194   13 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Internet
William Lehr
This working paper reviews a number of the challenges and opportunities confronting analysts interested in measuring the Internet and its economic and social impacts. It identifies several additional challenges to the measurement issue, in addition to all of the normal problems one expects when...
  N° 196   17 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Impact of Innovations in Public IT Infrastructure on the Standard of Living in OECD Economies
Russel J. Cooper
Advances in information technology (IT) in the first decade of the 21st century have highlighted the role of IT as an enabling technology throughout an economy. But although the influence of IT in transforming the way in which business and consumer transactions are done is clear to all...
  N° 198   19 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  ICT Skills and Employment
OECD
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet are increasingly viewed as a vital infrastructure for all sectors of the economy. Already, employment in the ICT industry and employment of ICT specialist skills each accounts for up to 5% of total employment in OECD countries...
  N° 197   19 Apr 2012 Click to Access:  Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries
Shane Greenstein, Ryan McDevitt
This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies. In...
  N° 199   07 May 2012 Click to Access:  Proactive Policy Measures by Internet Service Providers against Botnets
OECD
Botnets are networks of compromised computers that are remotely controlled by malicious agents. They represent a threat to security and trust in online environments. Internet Service Providers (ISPs), by virtue of their ownership of the physical networks and consumer-facing position, are well...
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