OECD Development Centre Working Papers

The cost of air pollution in Africa
1815-1949 (en ligne)
DOI : 
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The OECD Development Centre links OECD members with developing and emerging economies and fosters debate and discussion to seek creative policy solutions to emerging global issues and development challenges. This series of working papers is intended to disseminate the OECD Development Centre’s research findings rapidly among specialists in the field concerned. These papers are generally available in the original English or French, with a summary in the other language.
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Page: 1 (N° 333) , 2 (N° 283) , 3 (N° 233) … 7 (N° 32) | Suivant
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  N° 333   29 sep 2016 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-cost-of-air-pollution-in-africa_5jlqzq77x6f8-en
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The cost of air pollution in Africa
Rana Roy
This paper is a first attempt at calculating the cost of air pollution in Africa. More precisely, it is a calculation of the major part of this cost: namely, the cost of premature deaths attributable to air pollution. It draws on the epidemiological evidence base assembled in the Global Burden...
  N° 332   27 mai 2016 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/can-investments-in-social-protection-contribute-to-subjective-well-being_5jlz3k7pqc5j-en
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Can investments in social protection contribute to subjective well-being?
Alexandre Kolev, Caroline Tassot
Subjective well-being has in recent years been recognised as a goal of development that captures non-monetary or subjective dimensions of well-being. The body of evidence on the individual and societal determinants of subjective well-being is growing, but the literature remains in its infancy...
  N° 331   18 mai 2016 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/understanding-student-performance-beyond-traditional-factors_5jlz7n7bxn0p-en
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Understanding student performance beyond traditional factors
Rolando Avendaño, Felipe Barrera-Osorio, Sebastián Nieto Parra, Flora Vever
This paper studies the linkages between schools’ inputs and students’ performance in Latin America. We exploit the richness of PISA 2012 questionnaires at the student and school level to study the association between a different set of inputs and students’ performance in mathematics. First,...
  N° 330   03 mars 2016 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/does-gender-discrimination-in-social-institutions-matter-for-long-term-growth_5jm2hz8dgls6-en
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Does gender discrimination in social institutions matter for long-term growth?
Gaëlle Ferrant, Alexandre Kolev
This paper estimates the potential income gains associated with greater gender parity in social institutions and the cost of the current level of discrimination. Using cross-country analysis, it investigates how gender-based discrimination in social institutions, measured by the OECD...
  N° 329   06 jan 2016 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/mind-the-skills-gap-regional-and-industry-patterns-in-emerging-economies_5jm5hkp7v145-en
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Mind the skills gap! Regional and industry patterns in emerging economies
Ángel Melguizo, José Ramón Perea
Most emerging economies are characterised by lagging levels of productivity. While economic growth has been robust in much of the emerging world during the last two decades, it has generally been grounded on factor accumulation, with marginal contributions from productivity. With the economic...
  N° 328   16 déc 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/income-mobility-in-times-of-economic-growth_5jrp0hz8thjl-en
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Income mobility in times of economic growth
Ian Brand-Weiner, Francesca Francavilla
This paper analyses income mobility in Viet Nam from 2004 to 2008. The concept of income mobility is important for developed and developing economies, especially for those, such as Viet Nam, witnessing a stable persistent economic growth and profound structural transformations. Income mobility...
  N° 327   01 sep 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/explaining-diversification-in-exports-across-higher-manufacturing-content_5jrs8sq91p9x-en
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Explaining Diversification in Exports Across Higher Manufacturing Content
Jan Rieländer, Bakary Traoré
Most low-income countries export mainly unprocessed commodities. Yet, in their pursuit of structural transformation, they also seek a more diversified economic structure, including developing a strong manufacturing sector to create jobs and spur innovation as in more advanced economies. What is...
  N° 326   08 avr 2015 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/how-do-female-migration-and-gender-discrimination-in-social-institutions-mutually-influence-each-other_5js3926d54d7-en
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How do female migration and gender discrimination in social institutions mutually influence each other?
Gaëlle Ferrant, Michele Tuccio
Using the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) from the OECD Development Centre, this paper provides evidence of the two-way relationship between gender inequality in social institutions and South-South migration. Discriminatory social institutions in both origin and destination...
  N° 325   26 nov 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/measuring-well-being-and-progress-in-countries-at-different-stages-of-development_5jxss4hv2d8n-en
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Measuring Well-being and Progress in Countries at Different Stages of Development
Romina Boarini, Alexandre Kolev, Allister McGregor
A wide range of voices around the world have stressed the need to understand development as a multidimensional phenomenon that involves and affects many aspects of people’s lives. Increasingly, it is recognised that current well-being and its long-term sustainability are the ultimate goals of...
  N° 324   22 sep 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/on-the-effectiveness-of-exchange-rate-interventions-in-emerging-markets_5jxwwfmxfdth-en
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On the Effectiveness of Exchange Rate Interventions in Emerging Markets
Christian Daude, Eduardo Levy Yeyati, Arne Nagengast
We analyse the effectiveness of exchange rate interventions for a panel of 18 emerging market economies during the period 2003-11. Using an error-correction model approach, we find that on average intervention is effective in moving the real exchange rate in the desired direction, controlling...
  N° 323   08 août 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/public-financial-management-in-infrastructure-in-africa_5jxzmjr4qlhb-en
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Public Financial Management in Infrastructure in Africa
Nana Boateng, Marie Castaing Gachassin, Emilie Gay, Laura Recuero-Virto
To what extent do budgetary processes and institutions hamper infrastructural development in Africa? To answer that question, this report analyses the answers of budget officials to questionnaires administered in 22 African countries: Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad,...
  N° 322   28 mai 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-political-economy-of-tax-incentives-for-investment-in-the-dominican-republic_5jz3wkh45kmw-en
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The Political Economy of Tax Incentives for Investment in the Dominican Republic
Christian Daude, Hamlet Gutiérrez, Ángel Melguizo
Tax incentives can be a useful tool to stimulate investment in developing countries. However, in these countries interest groups often are able to exert considerable influence in its management, if not its design. From a power-based approach to the political economy of tax reform we find how...
  N° 321   03 fév 2014 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/productive-capabilities-an-empirical-investigation-of-their-determinants_5k3tt0dh36zv-en
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Productive Capabilities: An Empirical Investigation of their Determinants
Christian Daude, Arne Nagengast, José Ramón Perea
Recent contributions to the growth literature have argued that the structure of an economy, as measured by its productive capabilities, is a key determinant for inter-country differences in development. Productive capabilities have been shown to be highly predictive of future economic growth,...
  N° 320   29 août 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/capital-flows-in-asia-pacific_5k40d65jjx23-en
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Capital Flows in Asia-Pacific
Margit Molnar, Yusuke Tateno, Amornrut Supornsinchai
The Asia-Pacific region has long been prone to volatile capital flows that have posed a challenge for authorities to cope with and occasionally led to payment difficulties dragging down exchange rates and spilling over to the real economy. The recent global crisis repeated past history,...
  N° 319   29 août 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-rationale-for-higher-education-investment-in-ibero-america_5k40d67l7l8x-en
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The Rationale for Higher Education Investment in Ibero-America
José Joaquín Brunner
A key higher education policy question is about the financing of this sector. Who, why and how higher education should be paid for are debated around the world by governments, the academic community, students, experts and civil society. This is true of Ibero-America. The meetings of their heads...
  N° 318   24 jui 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/how-redistributive-is-fiscal-policy-in-latin-america_5k424rnjl424-en
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How Redistributive is Fiscal Policy in Latin America?
Barbara Castelletti
This paper looks at the incidence of fiscal policy on the income distribution for Chile and Mexico. Notably by broadening the income concept to account for in-kind benefits and taxes, this paper provides a full picture of the effect of fiscal policy on reducing income inequality. The contrast...
  N° 317   03 mai 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/opening-the-black-box-of-contract-renegotiations_5k46n3wwxxq3-en
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Opening the Black Box of Contract Renegotiations
Eduardo Bitran, Sebastián Nieto-Parra, Juan Sebastián Robledo
This paper studies the renegotiations of road concessions in Chile, Colombia and Peru for the period 1993-2010. First, it analyses the legal framework, the institutional design and the types of concessions of these countries and second, it uses a novel data composed of a sample of 61 of the 62...
  N° 316   09 avr 2013 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-politics-of-transport-infrastructure-policies-in-colombia_5k46n3xqh1hf-en
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The Politics of Transport Infrastructure Policies in Colombia
Sebastián Nieto-Parra, Mauricio Olivera, Anamaría Tibocha
This paper analyses the Policy-Making Process (PMP) of transport infrastructure projects in Colombia for the period 2002-10. It aims to identify the main bottlenecks to improve the implementation of public policies in the main phases of the transport infrastructure policy cycle, namely...
  N° 315   23 nov 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/what-drives-tax-morale_5k8zk8m61kzq-en
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What Drives Tax Morale?
Christian Daude, Hamlet Gutiérrez, Ángel Melguizo
This paper reviews the literature and contributes with some evidence based on the World Values Survey on the drivers of tax morale around the world, with an emphasis on developing countries. It shows that socio-economic factors such as age, religion, gender, employment status and educational...
  N° 314   25 sep 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/on-the-relevance-of-relative-poverty-for-developing-countries_5k92n2x6pts3-en
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On the Relevance of Relative Poverty for Developing Countries
Christopher Garroway, Juan Ramón de Laiglesia
Poverty is typically measured in different ways in developing and advanced countries. The majority of developing countries measure poverty in absolute terms, using a poverty line determined by the monetary cost of a predetermined basket of goods. In contrast, most analyses of poverty in...
  N° 313   13 juin 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/development-accounting-lessons-for-latin-america_5k97f6ws6llp-en
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Development Accounting: Lessons for Latin America
Christian Daude
This paper presents development accounting exercises in Latin America using novel databases and methods to investigate the robustness of its results. While total factor productivity initially appears to be the most important driver of output per worker gaps in Latin America and the Caribbean,...
  N° 312   31 mai 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/south-south-migration-in-west-africa_5k98p4wcgjmx-en
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South-South Migration in West Africa
Jason Gagnon, David Khoudour-Castéras
Although South-South migrants face much of the same discrimination and integration challenges as their South-North counterparts, South-South flows need to be analysed from a different standpoint. An investigation of immigrant experience in West Africa, with particular focus on Ghana, shows that...
  N° 311   11 mai 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-product-space-and-the-middle-income-trap_5k9909j2587g-en
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The Product Space and the Middle-Income Trap
Anna Jankowska, Arne Nagengast, José Ramón Perea
Rapid and sustained economic growth in the emerging world has brought new members, notably China, into the group of middle-income countries. Reaching this level of income, however, has historically presented countries with a new set of challenges to development, resulting in slowing growth and...
  N° 310   21 mars 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/korea-s-low-carbon-green-growth-strategy_5k9cvqmvszbr-en
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Korea's Low-Carbon Green Growth Strategy
Sang In Kang, Jin-gyu Oh, Hongseok Kim
This paper examines Korea’s low-carbon green growth strategy with a focus on three pillars: regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from industries; incentive mechanisms for businesses to develop green technologies and products; and public information tools to increase awareness and...
  N° 309   31 jan 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/making-reform-happen-in-colombia_5k9gs20l5x0x-en
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Making Reform Happen in Colombia
Sebastián Nieto Parra, Mauricio Olivera
This paper studies the interaction between different actors in the policy-making process of fiscal transfer reform in Colombia. To analyse this reform, we use the "life cycle of reform" framework. In that context, we follow critical phases in the reform process: planning, dialogue and adoption,...
  N° 308   01 mars 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/technological-upgrading-in-china-and-india_5k9gs212r4tf-en
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Technological Upgrading in China and India
Jaejoon Woo
This paper studies sources of technological upgrading in China and India. What is striking about the impressive growth of China and (to a lesser degree) India is that they export products associated with a high productivity level that is much higher than a country at their income level. China’s...
  N° 307   05 jan 2012 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/labour-market-changes-labour-disputes-and-social-cohesion-in-china_5k9h5x9c8dwc-en
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Labour Market Changes, Labour Disputes and Social Cohesion in China
Fang Cai, Meiyan Wang
Jobs are important in maintaining social cohesion. Employment provides income, but also a sense of self-worth and a meeting place for social interactions that weave the social fabric. With over 200 million unemployed globally, the number of jobs created has taken centre stage, especially in...
  N° 306   21 déc 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/revisiting-mdg-cost-estimates-from-a-domestic-resource-mobilisation-perspective_5k9h6vwx0nmr-en
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Revisiting MDG Cost Estimates from a Domestic Resource Mobilisation Perspective
Vararat Atisophon, Jesus Bueren, Gregory de Paepe, Christopher Garroway, Jean-Philippe Stijns
This paper aims at providing an estimate of the resource envelope required in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on the global level. As widely acknowledged by previous contributors to this literature, modelling the cost of achieving the MDGs poses many data and...
  N° 305   20 oct 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/being-middle-class-in-latin-america_5kg3jcdx4jlx-en
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Being "Middle-Class" in Latin America
Francesca Castellani, Gwenn Parent
This paper joins the debate on the size of the middle class in Latin America, analysing its structure and characteristics. The paper investigates inter-class mobility potential and its evolution over time in the case of selected countries. As a result of the estimations, we find that Latin...
  N° 304   01 oct 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-process-of-reform-in-latin-america_5kg3mkvfcjxv-en
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The Process of Reform in Latin America
Jeff Dayton-Johnson, Juliana Londoño, Sebastián Nieto Parra
This paper contributes to literature on the process of reform in Latin America. We study political economy aspects and the policy making process of reforms in what we identify as the five critical steps through the "life cycle" of a policy reform: the Planning, Dialogue, Adoption,...
  N° 303   01 sep 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/sovereign-wealth-funds-as-investors-in-africa_5kg52k4s0jbx-en
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Sovereign Wealth Funds as Investors in Africa
Edouard Turkisch
This paper studies the opportunities and barriers for Sovereign Wealth Funds’ (SWFs) investments in Africa. Based on historical databases on SWFs’ transactions, it shows that SWFs can facilitate up to 50% of the investment needs in infrastructure in Africa over the next decade to meet the...
  N° 302   01 jui 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/recalibrating-development-co-operation_5kg83kvgnz0v-en
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Recalibrating Development Co-operation
Myriam Dahman Saidi, Christina Wolf
With the recent boost of emerging economies in African economic relations, a different philosophy of development co-operation is progressively gaining momentum. Indeed, there are critical differences in the way development co-operation is provided by traditional and emerging partners. For the...
  N° 301   07 juin 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/public-infrastructure-investment-and-fiscal-sustainability-in-latin-america_5kg9xf1ncvzw-en
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Public Infrastructure Investment and Fiscal Sustainability in Latin America
Luis Carranza, Christian Daude, Ángel Melguizo
Latin American countries exhibit a significant gap in infrastructure stocks, due to low and in many cases inefficient public investment, which is furthermore not compensated by private sector projects. In this paper we analyse trends in public and total infrastructure investment in six large...
  N° 300   07 juin 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/stay-with-us-the-impact-of-emigration-on-wages-in-honduras_5kg9xf23zfbt-en
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"Stay With Us?" The Impact of Emigration on Wages in Honduras
Jason Gagnon
While the econometric literature on the impact of immigration on labour markets is well developed, there is a striking gap with regards to the impact of emigration on sending countries. Building on the established literature measuring the impact of immigration, this paper attempts to narrow...
  N° 299   01 mai 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/continental-vs-intercontinental-migration_5kgc79p30hvb-en
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Continental vs. Intercontinental Migration
Fleur Wouterse
This working paper uses an agricultural household model to explore the impact of potential immigration policy reforms on the welfare of rural households in Burkina Faso. Simulation results demonstrate that, in contrast to continental migration, increased intercontinental migration has strong...
  N° 298   01 mai 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-impact-of-migration-policies-on-rural-household-welfare-in-mexico-and-nicaragua_5kgc79ps4vq4-en
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The Impact of Migration Policies on Rural Household Welfare in Mexico and Nicaragua
J. Edward Taylor, Mateusz Filipski
This working paper presents findings from an effort to evaluate the impacts of immigration policies on the welfare of migrants and their families in migrant-sending countries. It uses a disaggregated micro economy-wide modelling approach, designed to capture both the potentially positive and...
  N° 297   01 mars 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/ascendance-by-descendants-on-intergenerational-education-mobility-in-latin-america_5kggdtfpvhr7-en
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Ascendance by Descendants?
Christian Daude
This paper studies intergenerational social mobility in Latin America. We show that persistence in educational achievements across generations is high compared to other parts of the world. That is, not only is the income distribution in Latin America highly unequal, but profound differences in...
  N° 296   01 fév 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-macroeconomic-effects-of-large-exchange-rate-appreciations_5kgglsnbscbs-en
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The Macroeconomic Effects of Large Exchange Rate Appreciations
Marcus Kappler, Helmut Reisen, Moritz Schularick, Edouard Turkisch
In this paper we study the macroeconomic effects of large exchange rate appreciations. In a sample of 128 countries since 1960, we identify 25 episodes of large nominal and real appreciations shocks and study their macroeconomic effects in a dummy-augmented panel autoregressive model. Our...
  N° 295   01 jan 2011 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-economy-of-the-possible-pensions-and-informality-in-latin-america_5kgj0vdgrk8v-en
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The Economy of the Possible
Rita Da Costa, Juan Ramón de Laiglesia, Emmanuelle Martínez, Ángel Melguizo
Social protection coverage is quite low in Latin America. This situation, irrespective of the type of pension scheme, represents a challenge for public policy since these low levels of affiliation and irregular contribution histories indicate that pensions will be insufficient in the coming...
  N° 294   25 oct 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/taxation-and-more-representation-on-fiscal-policy-social-mobility-and-democracy-in-latin-america_5km5zrrs9bbt-en
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Taxation and More Representation?
Christian Daude, Ángel Melguizo
Is the social contract in Latin America broken? Many authors have suggested this is the case, given the high levels of inequality, the low levels of taxation and the low quality of public services observed in the region. This paper analyses empirically the relationship between fiscal policy,...
  N° 293   25 oct 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/rethinking-the-european-foundations-of-sub-saharan-african-regional-economic-integration_5km5zrs9075k-en
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Rethinking the (European) Foundations of Sub-Saharan African Regional Economic Integration
Peter Draper
Support for regional economic integration in Africa runs high amongst the continent’s international development partners and African elites. However, its expression in European forms of economic integration is not appropriate to regional capacities and in some cases may do more harm than good....
  N° 292   01 sep 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-renminbi-and-poor-country-growth_5km7rqvspj8r-en
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The Renminbi and Poor-Country Growth
Christopher Garroway, Burcu Hacibedel, Helmut Reisen, Edouard Turkisch
Discussions on how best to exit from global imbalances to create a more balanced world economy have ignored the impact on poor countries of proposals to redress these imbalances. This paper aims at filling that gap. It gauges the degree of renminbi (RMB) undervaluation; presents evidence on RMB...
  N° 291   25 août 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/fiscal-policy-in-latin-america_5km8zdcp7j41-en
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Fiscal Policy in Latin America
Christian Daude, Ángel Melguizo, Alejandro Neut
This paper analyses fiscal policy for several economies in Latin America, from the early nineties to the 2009 crisis. We present original estimates of cyclically-adjusted public revenues for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay implementing the standardised...
  N° 290   21 avr 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/on-the-role-of-productivity-and-factor-accumulation-in-economic-development-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean_5kmh5gpqtdjc-en
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On the Role of Productivity and Factor Accumulation in Economic Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
Christian Daude, Eduardo Fernández-Arias
This paper combines development and growth accounting exercises with economic theory to estimate the relative importance of total factor productivity and the accumulation of factors of production in the economic development performance of Latin America. The region’s development performance is...
  N° 289   21 avr 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/south-america-for-the-chinese_5kmh5gs82q0v-en
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South America for the Chinese?
Eliana Cardoso, Márcio Holland
The case for a natural resource curse is based on the argument that in the absence of challenges, there is no progress. Is South America cursed by its natural resources? Does China’s rapid penetration of the region renew the region’s comparative advantage in natural resources? Does South...
  N° 288   01 fév 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/innovation-productivity-and-economic-development-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean_5kmlcz254421-en
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Innovation, Productivity and Economic Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
Christian Daude
GDP per capita in Latin America has been falling behind high-income countries and other benchmarks for decades and the region’s mediocre growth performance is one of the main reasons why poverty reduction, and living standards more generally, in the region is well below that observed in peer...
  N° 287   03 jan 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/why-do-so-many-women-end-up-in-bad-jobs_5kmlhlrz6br0-en
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Why Do so many Women End up in Bad Jobs?
Johannes P. Jütting, Angela Luci, Christian Morrisson
There is an increasing concern in the development community about the increase in the ‘feminisation of bad jobs’ of many developing countries. Indeed, recent analysis shows a growing proportion of women are in jobs with poor working conditions and low pay. But what is driving this phenomenon?...
  N° 286   26 jan 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/does-trade-stimulate-innovation_5kmmp8g92x34-en
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Does Trade Stimulate Innovation?
Ana Margarida Fernandes, Caroline Paunov
This paper investigates whether increased import competition leads firms to engage in incremental innovation reflected in product quality upgrading. The econometric analysis relies on a rich dataset of Chilean manufacturing firms and their products. Product quality is measured with unit values...
  N° 285   26 jan 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/the-emerging-middle-class-in-developing-countries_5kmmp8lncrns-en
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The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries
Homi Kharas
The shift in global goods production towards Asia is well documented. But global consumer demand has so far been concentrated in the rich economies of the OECD. Will that also shift towards Asia as these countries get richer? This paper defines a global middle class as all those living in...
  N° 284   05 jan 2010 Cliquez pour accéder: 
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/development/crushed-aid_218465127786
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Crushed Aid
Emmanuel Frot, Javier Santiso
This paper measures and compares fragmentation in aid sectors. Past studies focused on aggregate country data but a sector analysis provides a better picture of fragmentation. We start by counting the number of aid projects in the developing world and find that, in 2007, more than 90 000...
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