OECD Trade Policy Papers

ISSN :
1816-6873 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/18166873
Hide / Show Abstract
This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected trade policy studies prepared for use within the OECD.

NB. No. 1 to No. 139 were released under the previous series title OECD Trade Policy Working Papers.

 

Modal Estimates of Services Barriers You or your institution have access to this content

Click to Access: 
Author(s):
Nora Dihel, Ben Shepherd1
Author Affiliations
  • 1: Developing Trade Consultants Ltd., United States

Publication Date
13 Apr 2007
Bibliographic information
No.:
51
Pages
111
DOI
10.1787/148425814101

Hide / Show Abstract

This paper presents improved approaches to measurement of services barriers by using alternative weighting methods and improved econometric specifications; the data include barriers affecting each mode of services supply and additional sector-specific regulatory variables. We provide an illustration of these improvements for banking, insurance, telecom (fixed and mobile), professional (engineering) and distribution services in selected countries in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. We report sector-specific restrictiveness indices at aggregate and modal levels along with aggregate and modal tax equivalents. We also provide confidence intervals for each estimated tax equivalent to take into account the limitations in the estimation techniques. Indeed these limitations lead us to argue against a strict interpretation of the empirical results and in favor of a more flexible, qualitative interpretation, combined with rank ordering of countries for indicative purposes.
Keywords:
tax equivalent, banking, telecommunications, trade restrictiveness index, distribution, insurance, regulatory measures, services barriers/restrictions, engineering