OECD Economics Department Working Papers

ISSN :
1815-1973 (online)
DOI :
10.1787/18151973
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Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory reform, competition, health, and other issues.

The views expressed in these papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its member countries.

 

Productivity and Convergence in a Panel of OECD Industries

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Author(s):
Stefano Scarpetta1, Thierry Tressel
Author Affiliations
  • 1: OECD, France

Publication Date
25 Sep 2002
Bibliographic information
No.:
342
Pages
41
DOI
10.1787/004581482564

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We analyse the impact of innovation activity and product and labour market institutions on multi-factor productivity in a panel of 23 industries in 18 OECD countries using a novel harmonised database. First, we provide evidence of convergence in productivity levels within most industries across OECD countries. Convergence is however stronger in services than in manufacturing and, in the latter sector, it is weaker for high-tech industries. We also find evidence that the impact of innovation activity (proxied by R&D expenditure) on productivity depends on market structure and technological characteristics, with a stronger impact for technological leaders in high-tech industries. In addition, anti-competitive product market regulations are negatively associated with productivity performance. The negative effect is larger the further a country is from the technological frontier, because such regulations hinder the process of technology adoption. Finally, there is also evidence in the ...

Keywords:
labour markets, regulations on product, convergence, innovation, productivity
JEL Classification:
  • L10: Industrial Organization / Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance / General
  • O3: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
  • O4: Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth / Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity