OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook

1999-1428 (online)
2074-7187 (print)
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OECD’s biennial comprehensive review of key trends in science, technology and innovation policy in OECD countries. In addition to examining main trends across the OECD, the report delves into specific topics that are high on the agenda of innovation policy makers, such as the role of intellectual property rights and technology licensing markets in innovation performance, policies to enhance benefits of the globalisation of business R&D, human resources for science and technology, and the evaluation of innovation policy. While retaining its focus on developments in OECD countries, it also highlights key developments in a number of important non-member economies, including China, Russia and South Africa. A statistical annex provides up-to-date statistics on R&D funding, patents, researchers and other indicators of innovative performance.

Also available in French
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17 Dec 2004
9789264016910 (PDF) ;9789264016897(print)

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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2004 provides a comprehensive review of important trends and developments in science and innovation in OECD countries. Touching on themes central to ongoing policy development, the book examines the role of public/private partnerships in stimulating innovation, efforts to promote innovation in the service sector, global challenges to the supply of human resources for science and technology, and the contributions of multinational enterprises to productivity growth and innovation. A statistical annex provides up-to-date figures on R&D funding, patents, researchers and other indicators of innovative performance.

Also available in French, Chinese
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  • Executive Summary
    As the recent economic slowdown gives way to prospects of stronger economic growth across the OECD region, renewed attention is being directed to ways of tapping into science, technology and innovation to achieve economic and societal...
  • Regaining Momentum in Science, Technology and Industry
    Economies worldwide have endured an economic slowdown from which they are only now beginning to recover and which has constrained the capacity of governments and industry to invest in science, technology and innovation. As OECD countries continue to move towards more knowledge-based economies and face increasing economic competition from non-member economies, their reliance on the creation, diffusion and exploitation of knowledge – including scientific and technical knowledge – will grow. This chapter...
  • Recent Developments in Science, Technology and Innovation Policies
    Innovation has been an area of considerable policy development in recent years and, in most cases, of growing public funding. Governments have developed strategic plans for enhancing innovation performance and accelerating their nations’ transformation into knowledge-based economies. They have forged more explicit links to industry and other stakeholders so as to solicit expert opinion and advice that can inform policy development. This chapter reviews recent developments in science, technology and innovation policy in...
  • Public/Private Partnerships for Innovations
    Public/private partnerships (P/PPs) offer a framework for the public and the private sectors to join forces in areas in which they have complementary interests but cannot act as efficiently alone. They are increasingly popular in research and development (R&D) because they can effectively fill gaps in innovation systems, increase the efficiency of government policy in addressing market failures that affect innovation processes and...
  • Ensuring the Supply of Human Resources in Science and Technology
    This chapter discusses the evolving policy context for HRST and analyses recent trends in the demand for and supply of graduates in science and engineering. It reviews policy measures implemented by OECD governments to address the challenges raised by these trends and discusses the outlook for human resources in science and technology. As the chapter shows, concerns about supplies of HRST are widespread across the OECD area...
  • Multinational Enterprises and Productivity Growth
    Multinational enterprises (MNEs) account for a large and growing share of employment and production in OECD countries – particularly in the manufacturing sector. Recent developments in the kinds of data accessible to economists have provided more powerful tools for investigating the effects of MNEs on OECD economies. This chapter reviews a selection of recent work that uses these new data sources to examine the contribution...
  • Statistical Annex
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