OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

2077-7736 (online)
2077-7728 (print)
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Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.

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OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training: A Learning for Jobs Review of Norway 2008

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Malgorzata Kuczera, Giorgio Brunello, Simon Field, Nancy Hoffman
30 Oct 2008
9789264113947 (PDF)

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Learning for Jobs is an OECD study of vocational education and training (VET) designed to help countries make their VET systems more responsive to labour market needs.

The Norwegian VET system has many strengths including strong and trustful co-operation between employers, unions and VET authorities and high-status VET tracks in upper secondary education. Many employers are keen to attract apprentices and there is a high level of adult literacy. But there are significant challenges, including an ageing workforce of school-based trainers, weak quality assurance mechanisms, high levels of dropout and concerns that the priority accorded to student choice may make the system unresponsive to labour market needs.

The OECD review assesses the main challenges faced by the VET system and presents an interconnected package of policy recommendations. For each recommendation, the report describes the challenge, the recommendation itself, supporting arguments, and issues of implementation.

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Table of Contents

Summary: strengths, challenges and recommendations 5
-Strengths 5
-Challenges 5
-Recommendations 6
Chapter 1. Introduction 7
-1.1 The OECD policy review of Norway 8
-1.2 The structure of the report 9
-1.3 A snapshot of the system 9
-1.4 Strengths and challenges 11
Chapter 2. Policy recommendations 13
-2.1 Encouraging local schools and counties to respond to employer needs 14
-2.2 Reducing dropout19
-2.3 Getting the best out of Norway’s investment in apprenticeship training 23
-2.4 Enhancing the common basis for assessment 25
-2.5 Providing training to the trainers and supervisors of apprentices 29
-2.6 Enhancing the evidence base 32
References 35
Annex A. Background information 39
-1. Terms of references for Norway 39
-2. Biographical information 40
-3. Programme of the review visits 41
Annex B. International and national statistics 43

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