OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

ISSN :
2077-7736 (en ligne)
ISSN :
2077-7728 (imprimé)
DOI :
10.1787/20777736
Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.

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OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training: A Learning for Jobs Review of Germany 2010

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Auteur(s):
Kathrin Hoeckel, Robert Schwartz
Date de publication :
30 sep 2010
Pages :
74
ISBN :
9789264113800 (PDF)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264113800-en

Cacher / Voir l'abstract

Learning for Jobs is an OECD study of vocational education and training (VET) designed to help countries make their VET systems more responsive to labour market needs.

Germany has a very well developed and widely respected VET system with a strong dual component integrating learning in schools and workplace training. VET policy, design and delivery are strongly supported by social partner engagement and institutionalised VET research capacity. At the same time the German system confronts several challenges: the transition system is costly and suffers from undue fragmentation; more attention could be placed on adequate career guidance and basic skills provision; assessment is dominated by the Chamber exam; and only very few VET graduates take up university studies despite reforms to open access considerably.

The OECD review assesses the main challenges faced by the VET system and presents an interconnected package of policy recommendations. For each recommendation, the report describes the challenge, the recommendation itself, supporting arguments, and issues of implementation.

Table des matières

Summary: strengths, challenges and recommendations 5
-Strengths of the German VET system 5
-Challenges confronting Germany’s VET system 5
-Recommendations 6
Chapter 1. Introduction 7
-1.1 The OECD policy review of Germany 8
-1.2 The structure of the report 8
-1.3 A snapshot of Germany’s VET system  9
-1.4 Strengths of the German VET system 13
-1.5 Challenges confronting Germany’s VET system 15
Chapter 2. Policy recommendations 17
-2.1 Transition from school to VET 18
-2.2 Career guidance 27
-2.3 Numeracy and literacy skills in the VET system  34
-2.4 Assessment in dual VET and co-operation between learning places 39
-2.5 Links to tertiary education 43
References 54
Annex A. Background information 60
-1. Biographical information 60
-2. Programme of the review visit 61
Annex B. International and national statistics 63
Annex references 69