OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

2077-7736 (en ligne)
2077-7728 (imprimé)
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Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.

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OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training: A Learning for Jobs Review of Belgium Flanders 2010

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Viktória Kis
30 oct 2010
Pages :
9789264113718 (PDF)

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Learning for Jobs is an OECD study of vocational education and training (VET) designed to help countries make their VET systems more responsive to labour market needs.

The Flemish VET system has a good range of vocational options at different levels. The system is underpinned by strong academic standards reflected in the performance of 15-year-olds and compulsory education up to age 18. Commendable attention is given to entrepreneurial training. Policy development is dynamic and evidence is used extensively in reforms. At the same time the system faces a number of challenges, including early tracking, weaknesses in literacy and numeracy skills among some students, and too many unqualified school leavers. The use of workplace training is very variable, and some training provision inadequately reflects labour market needs. The quality of career guidance in compulsory education could also usefully be improved.

The OECD review assesses the main challenges faced by the VET system and presents an interconnected package of policy recommendations. For each recommendation, the report describes the challenge, the recommendation itself, supporting arguments, and issues of implementation.

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Table des matières

Summary: strengths, challenges and recommendations 5
-Strengths 5
-Challenges 5
-Recommendations 6
Chapter 1. Introduction 7
-1.1 The OECD policy review of Belgium (Flanders) 8
-1.2 The structure of the report 9
-1.3 A snapshot of the system 9
-1.4 Strengths and challenges 15
-1.5 System-wide issues 16
Chapter 2. Policy recommendations 19
-2.1 General skills in secondary education 20
-2.2 Postponing the age of tracking 27
-2.3 Workplace training 33
-2.4 The mix of provision: determining the number of trained persons per occupation 42
-2.5 Career guidance 48
Acronyms 56
References 57
Annex A. Programme of the review visits 63
Annex B. An overview of secondary education in Flanders 65
Annex C. International and national statistics 66
Annex D. QualiCarte 70

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