OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation

ISSN :
1997-6585 (online)
ISSN :
1997-6577 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/19976585
Hide / Show Abstract
These reviews of regional innovation examine issues connected to innovation as the regional level as well as reviews of innovation policy for specific regions.
Also available in: French
 
Globalisation and Regional Economies

Globalisation and Regional Economies

Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries? You do not have access to this content

Click to Access: 
Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
08 Nov 2007
Pages :
244
ISBN :
9789264037809 (PDF) ; 9789264037793 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264037809-en

Hide / Show Abstract

Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, notably the loss of manufacturing jobs and enterprise relocation, this report presents evidence that region-specific advantages – embedded in specialised firms, skilled labour and innovation capacity – remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms, even for the largest multinational enterprises.  A new geography of production is emerging, based around both old and new regional hubs in OECD and non-OECD countries. National and regional governments in OECD countries are looking for ways to ensure that regions maintain a competitive edge in industries that generate wealth and jobs. This report looks at how different regions are responding to these challenges and the strategies they have adopted to support existing competitive advantages and to transform their assets to develop new competitive strengths.

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

  • Mark Click to Access
  • Click to Access:  Executive Summary
    Economic geography in an era of global competition involves a paradox. It is widely recognised that changes in technology and competition have altered many of the traditional rules that determine location of economic activity, making it possible for firms to access the inputs and knowledge that they need in order to compete from anywhere across the globe. Yet geographic concentration remains a striking feature of virtually every national and regional economy in the OECD. Over the last few years, for example, many of the leading firms in "new economy" industries have tended to cluster together.
  • Click to Access:  The Reshaping of Regional Economies
    Rapid changes in economic structures are causing concern among both policy makers and citizens in OECD countries. To understand how these trends are affecting regions, this chapter explores the dynamics of the manufacturing sector at the regional level and the shift, visible in some places, towards higher value manufacturing and non-manufacturing activities. This chapter sets the scene for subsequent discussion of whether and how regions can seize the opportunities offered by globalisation by building on their accumulated assets.
  • Click to Access:  Globalisation and the Spatial Reorganisation of Production
    The drivers of change in regional economic structures are assumed to be linked to globalisation, notably the reorganisation of production. This chapter outlines the main drivers of globalisation and explores the role of multinational firms in this process and what this has meant for particular regions. It then reviews the changing geography of production and processes such as outsourcing and offshoring from the perspective of their impact on regions.
  • Click to Access:  How Regions Compete: Building on Strengths and Identifying Opportunities
    Given the changes in regional economies due to globalisation, the reorganisation of production and the nature of innovation, how should regions respond? Regions, not nations, appear increasingly as the nodes in global networks. Regions are also the scale at which meaningful interaction among firms, people and knowledge generators leads to innovation. This chapter discusses the opportunities that the reorganisation of production seems to offer and presents some examples of how regions have worked to seize these opportunities.
  • Click to Access:  Clear Strategy, Good Governance
    This chapter explores the importance of governance arrangements in helping regions react to changes in the global economy. In some cases, mobilisation has been a response to crisis; in others a more structured mechanism for economic policy formulation is used. In either case, the evidence base necessary for decision making stands out as a crucial issue, as does the ability of public and private sector actors to find consensus around a forward-looking and realistic response.
  • Click to Access:  Regional Case Studies in the Automotive Sector
    This chapter looks at the evolution of the automotive industry and the impacts that changes in the industry are having on four car-producing regions. In each case, the regions are struggling with the impact of restructuring of the global car industry but also striving to build on the technological and innovative capacities that the regions have acquired over time as leaders in a dynamic technologydriven industry.
  • Click to Access:  Regional Case Studies in the Biopharmaceuticals Sector
    This chapter looks at the evolution of the biopharmaceuticals industry and the impacts that changes in the structure of the industry are having on four regions specialised in drug production and/or biotechnology. In each case, the regions are struggling with the impact of restructuring of the global pharmaceuticals industry but also striving to build on the R&D strengths and innovative capacities that the regions have acquired over time as leaders in a dynamic technology-driven industry.
  • Click to Access:  Regional Case Studies in the ICT Sector
    This chapter looks at the evolution of the mobile ICT industry and the impacts that changes in the structure of the industry are having on four regions specialised in ICT. In each case, the regions are struggling with the impact of restructuring of the global ICT industry, particularly the after-effects of the ICT "bubble". But the regions are also striving to build on the R&D strengths and innovative capacities that the regions have acquired over time as leaders in a dynamic technology-driven industry in order to maintain a competitive edge.
  • Add to Marked List