OECD Trade Policy Studies

1990-1534 (online)
1990-1542 (print)
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A series of OECD reports on various aspects of trade policy. Recent reports have covered such topics as universal access to basic services offered internationally, the role of non-tariff barriers, and environmental requirements and market access.

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Trade that Benefits the Environment and Development

Trade that Benefits the Environment and Development

Opening Markets for Environmental Goods and Services You or your institution have access to this content

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28 Nov 2005
9789264035782 (PDF) ;9789264035775(print)

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This collection of studies is intended as a practical tool to help negotiators navigate the numerous, complex issues that have arisen in international discussions over liberalising trade in environmental goods and services. In addition to explaining the background to the two earlier lists of environmental goods (stemming from separate efforts by the OECD and by the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation Forum), the different chapters:

  • Explore various practical issues related to the classification of environmental goods, including "dual use" goods.
  • Provide concrete examples of synergies between trade in environmental services and environmental goods.
  • Synthesise the findings of various country studies on environmental goods and services undertaken by the OECD and other inter-governmental organisations.
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  • Acronyms
  • Executive Summary
    This is the first of two volumes that draw together a series of working papers produced over the last three years for the OECD’s Joint Working Party on Trade and Environment (JWPTE) and the Working Party of the Trade Committee. Its aim is to help to understand the challenges in WTO and regional trade negotiations relating to initiatives on "environmental goods and services".
  • Environmental Goods and Services A Synthesis of Country Studies
    This chapter presents a synthesis of 17 country studies on environmental goods and services (EG&S) commissioned by the OECD, UNCTAD and the UNDP. The countries examined are Brazil, Chile, China, Cuba, the Czech Republic, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Kenya, Korea, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Thailand and Vietnam. Its aim is to identify determinants of demand for EG&S; to show common themes and experiences in the EG&S markets of different countries; and to draw attention to key trade, environment and development policy linkages.
  • Environmental Goods: A Comparison of the APEC and OECD Lists
    This chapter compares two lists of environmental goods that have been used in the WTO negotiations on liberalising trade in environmental goods and services. It describes the genesis of the lists, which were compiled in the late 1990s. The OECD list was developed as a basis for analysing trade and tariffs.
  • Liberalising Trade in "Environmental Goods": Some Practical Considerations
    This chapter explores some practical issues that have arisen in the WTO negotiations on environmental goods and services, especially issues pertaining to liberalising trade in environmental goods. Since environmental goods are not covered by a single chapter of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) — the international basis for codifying trade and tariffs — an agreement on environmental goods must be defined by reference to an agreed list.
  • Managing Request-Offer Negotiations under the GATS
    This study is part of ongoing OECD work on trade in services, in co-operation with UNCTAD, to assist WTO members manage request-offer negotiations under the GATS. The objective is to help officials in WTO members both to gain greater insight into issues of importance in the environmental services sector and to see how they might be approached in the negotiations. The current GATS negotiations offer WTO members an opportunity to achieve greater liberalisation of environmental services, and this may lead to significant economic and environmental benefits for all countries.
  • Synergies between Trade in Environmental Services and Trade in Environmental Goods
    This chapter examines the synergies between trade in environmental services and trade in environmental goods. Environmental services are here defined as wastewater management services, solid-waste management services, sanitation and similar services and other environmental services. Services related to the collection, purification and distribution of water are also discussed. After describing each of the environmental services, the chapter identifies broad categories of goods used in their performance and notes that, for some goods, environmental services are driving growth in their markets.
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