Youth and Development in the Commonwealth

2310-239X (online)
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These titles report on a series of regional Commonwealth Youth Seminars, which were held to discuss issues of youth and development, including youth problems, training and unemployment.

Youth and Development in Asia and the Pacific

Youth and Development in Asia and the Pacific

Report of the Commonwealth AsiaPacific Regional Youth Seminar, Kuala Lumpur, July – August 1971 You do not have access to this content

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Commonwealth Secretariat
01 Jan 1971
9781848591875 (PDF)
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  • Foreword by the Commonwealth Secretary-General

    The Commonwealth Asia-Pacific Regional Seminar completed the series of regional meetings devoted to a study of youth problems, youth training and employment. In Nairobi towards the end of 1969 participants from our twelve African member countries met to discuss the increasingly urgent problems deriving from markedly youthful populations. In August 1970 the Commonwealth Caribbean countries took up the same problems in the context of their own geographical area.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts The Report of the Seminar

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    • The Report of the Seminar
    • Basic Considerations

      Ten years ago few Commonwealth administrations foresaw today's “youth problem”. A few percipient academics raised thin voices of foreboding but these were lost in the gale of enthusiasm with which governments embarked on schemes of rapid educational expansion. Encouraged by international resolutions and spurred on by challenging targets, such as “universal primary education by 1970”, governments devoted unprecedented resources of finance and personnel to the formal educational process.

    • The Determination of Policy

      Young people in many countries suffer from having double standards applied to them. When it suits their elders, young people are expected to act as responsible adults; when this is inconvenient for older members of society, young people are expected to revert to childhood dependence. The dilemma is intensified by the tendency for young people to remain economically dependent on their parents for an increasing number of years while at the same time they are reaching physical maturity earlier.

    • The Implementation of Programmes

      Today's ten-year old child will not expect to retire until the year 2025. By that time the world population will have increased from today's 3,700 millions to perhaps 10,000 millions. Nor does the problem stop there. By the year 2100 it is possible that the world's population will have reached 50,000 millions.

    • Commonwealth Co-operation

      Commonwealth countries in Asia and the Pacific channel their co-operative activities through a number of organisations to which they belong. In addition, much is achieved on a bilateral basis, countries negotiating directly with each other. Co-operation on the basis of Commonwealth membership should be designed to make a specific contribution which is not made in other ways and to meet needs which are not met by other arrangements.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Lead Papers

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    • Young People in Changing Societies

      I would like to begin by suggesting one or two guidelines for our thinking together, approaches to our group discussions. They spring partly from reflections upon the short history of this seminar: our life together so far has led me to propose for your consideration ways in which we may come to practical and wellfounded conclusions. I hope that nobody will think that what immediately follows is presumptuous or that it sounds severely didactic.

    • General Considerations Affecting Policy

      The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Ceylon.

    • Youth and their Training Needs

      The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Malaysia.

    • Approaches to Employment Problems of Asian Youth (A summary)

      The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of ILO.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts A Selection of Documents

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    • Selection of Documents: Note

      The documents prepared for this seminar were classified as (a) lead papers, (b) background papers, and (c) country papers.

    • Educational Planning and Unemployed Youth (A summary)

      Within Commonwealth nations of Asia - as well as in other low-income countries - attention is being focused on widespread and growing unemployment among young people. Most of these job-seeking youth have attended schools for varying lengths of time (some, indeed, have university degrees), but they cannot find work which matches their aspirations or their potential abilities. Largely a phenomenon of the last decade, this type of open unemployment has tended to be cumulative : each year the numbers of uncommitted youth have grown.

    • Notes on the Concept of Leadership

      As Australia has a markedly different cultural heritage and markedly different patterns of socio-economic development from most of its near neighbours, it does not seem very useful merely to describe aspects of our youth programmes. Most of them would be quite irrelevant to the needs of other countries within the Asian-Pacific region. Accordingly, I have decided to deal with a topic of central interest, making use of the extent to which my experience (which is mainly Australian) enables me to set down some analytic ideas which may be useful for further discussion.

    • Non-Student Youth: Problems and Perspectives

      Attention has been focused in the recent past on the need for development of youth services as an integral part of national development planning. The question one might feel prompted to ask is, “Is there any justification for a youth service and, if so, what should be the rationale behind the same?” In a monistic society, when there was adult consensus about norms of belief and behaviour, older people were considered to be able to teach youngsters all they needed to know. The motto “A Scout is loyal and a Scout obeys” enjoined on a Boy Scout was observed as a categorical imperative, but in the pluralistic society of today, where all beliefs and behaviour have been called into question and the entire system of values is subject to a searching scrutiny, it will be difficult to predict if the above motto could hold any longer its sacrosanct spirit.

    • The Education and Training of Out-of-School Youth

      With a few exceptions, all the countries of Asia and the Pacific region belong to what are called “developing” countries. India is one of them. There are certain matters in the field of education, training and general welfare of youth which would seem common to these countries.

    • The Role of Youth in the Development of Fiji

      In terms of background, it is necessary to give a sketch of the history and geography of Fiji.

    • The Training and Development of Youth in Hong Kong

      One of the features that Hong Kong shares with many other developing countries is the marked youthfulness of its population. In 1945, the estimated population was 600,000. The age-group 15 to 24 years then formed only a small percentage of the population.

    • Youth and Industrialisation in Singapore

      Somewhat typical of the developing countries, Singapore has more than half of its 2 million population under 21 years of age and about 70% are under 30. In other words, the proportion of the dependent population is higher than that of the providing population. Singapore, moreover, is a small island state of about 225 square miles, with no natural resources worth speaking of at its disposal.

    • Appendices
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