Commonwealth Election Reports

English
ISSN: 
2310-1512 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/23101512
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Commonwealth Election Reports, the reports of Commonwealth Observer Groups, Missions or Expert Teams, are independently prepared by the team members as a contribution to the democracy and consensus-building in Commonwealth countries.

 
The Parliamentary Elections in Zimbabwe, 24–25 July 2000

The Parliamentary Elections in Zimbabwe, 24–25 July 2000 You do not have access to this content

English
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Author(s):
Commonwealth Observer Group
01 Jan 2001
Pages:
66
ISBN:
9781848597303 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/9781848597303-en

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These Election Reports are the observations, conclusions and recommendations of Commonwealth Observer Groups. The SecretaryGeneral constitutes these observer missions at the request of governments and with the agreement of all significant political parties. At the end of a mission, a report is submitted to the SecretaryGeneral, who makes it available to the government of the country in question, the political parties concerned and to all Commonwealth governments. The report eventually becomes a public document.

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  • Introduction

    Zimbabwe has a special place in the Commonwealth. The association was closely involved in the process leading to the Lancaster House Agreement and in the decision to hold democratic elections - which were observed by an 11- person Commonwealth Observer Group - leading to independence for Zimbabwe in 1980. Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, was the venue for the 1991 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting at which the Harare Commonwealth Declaration was adopted.

  • Political Background

    One of the main issues in terms of the political background to the June 2000 parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe was the strong challenge posed to the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) by the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) formed in September 1999. Although Zimbabwe has never been a one-party state, ZANU-PF has ruled the country since independence in 1980 and has completely dominated its politics since it merged with the rival Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) in 1988. This and other key political issues in the elections have their roots in the country's colonial experience, its achievement of independence after a long liberation war, and its efforts to forge a new, ‘home-grown’, postindependence constitutional dispensation.

  • The Legal Framework and Preparations for the Elections

    The legal framework for the elections was provided by the Constitution of Zimbabwe (1979 as amended) and the Electoral Act (7/1990, 7/1992, 22/1992) and other related legislation, such as the Law and Order (Maintenance) Act.

  • The Campaign and the News Media

    While the formal campaign period began following the conclusion of the nomination process on 3 June, in practice campaigning by the political parties began shortly after the referendum in February.

  • The Poll and the Count

    For many in Zimbabwe the approach of the polling and counting days - Saturday, 24 and Sunday, 25 June for polling and Monday, 26 June for counting - was viewed with anxiety, prompted by the pre-election violence and intimidation, the polarisation in society generally and the climate of apprehension both had induced.

  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Acknowledgements and Annexes
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