Without Women No Development

Without Women No Development

Selected Case Studies from Asia of Non-Formal Education for Women You do not have access to this content

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Commonwealth Secretariat
01 Jan 1986
9781848594012 (PDF)
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  • Preface

    The Pan-Commonwealth Specialist Conference on Non Formal Education for Development held in New Delhi in February 1979 set in motion a series of projects on different aspects of non formal education in the Commonwealth. The vital significance of women in development was recognised by the establishment in 1980 of the Women and Development Programme in the Commonwealth Secretariat with a brief to support the efforts of governments to enhance womens role in development through improving employment opportunities and training.

  • General Introduction

    This handbook presents fifteen case studies on the non-formal education of women from several Commonwealth countries located in the Asian region. The countries covered are India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. Each section is accompanied by an introduction which highlights the major points of the case studies of the region.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Case Studies from India

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    • Case Studies from India: Introduction

      The six Indian case studies are drawn from the north (Delhi and Kashmir), south (Madras) and west (Gujarat). Thus they represent projects and schemes implemented under a wide variety of geographical conditions, from snowy mountains to arid plains. In addition they represent both urban and rural contexts.

    • Education for Living (Delhi)

      The Mobile Creches for Working Mothers' Children is a voluntary programme which began in 1969 with a simple creche started by the late Meera Mahadevan. Ms Mahadevan, a writer and housewife who was appointed to a Women and Children's sub-committee in connection with the celebration for the Gandhi Centenary Year, was moved by the plight of construction workers' children who lay on rags in the dust and heat while their parents toiled on work sites.

    • From Destitution to Leadership Through Non-Formal Education: A Case Study of the Working Women'S Forum (Tamil Nadu)

      It is in the overall context of the history of Madras City, women workers, formal and non-formal education for girls and women, slum clearance, and the history of social work in Madras that the Working Women's Forum has to be understood.

    • An Approach to Self-Reliance: An Urban Model in Bombay, Maharashtra - Annapoorna Mandal

      Annapoorna Mandal is a programme that seeks to organise working-class women who are running small eating places in their own homes for blue-collar workers. Each woman works in her own home, accepting boarders, generally factory workers who have no families and have migrated to Bombay in search of employment.

    • Jyoti Sangh: Training for Self-Reliance (Ahmedabad, Gujarat)

      One of the major forces which led to the awakening of women and inspired them to play a significant role in the political, economic and social development of the country was the call from Mahatma Gandhi to participate in the freedom movement in the late twenties and thirties of this century. Gandhiji believed that the country could not progress unless the women, who formed half the population of the country, were educated, were emancipated from poverty, casteism and narrow conservatism, and gained economic independence to strengthen their self-confidence. His was a tremendous effort to create among the people of the country an awareness for the need to respect every woman as an individual whose dignity had to be upheld.

    • University National Social Service Units: Participation in Rural Development Projects, Nirmal Village (Maharashtra)

      A number of programmes were carried out throughout India by the National Social Service (NSS) Units of the different universities for non-formal education in urban and rural areas. One such project was started in 1974 by the students of the SNDT Women's University, the only women's university in India. They adopted a village called Nirmal, the home of one of the students, and worked for the economic and educational uplift of women.

    • Rural Functional Literacy Projects in Jammu and Kashmir

      A major thrust to India's rural functional literacy programme was given in 1977 when the National Adult Education Programme was launched, to begin on a nation-wide basis in 1978. A field study of one of these programmes in the Chatroo Blocks in Jammu and Kashmir was undertaken.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Case Studies from Bangladesh

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    • Case Studies from Bangladesh: Introduction

      Since 90 per cent of the people of Bangladesh live in rural areas, it is appropriate that the five cases described focus on rural women, from the Mothers' Clubs which function over about 25 per cent of the country to the Swanirvar (self-reliance) Movement for training women in leadership skills which has operated in most areas from 1978.

    • Popularising Family Planning Through a Non-Formal Programme - The Mothers' Clubs

      Bangladesh came on the world map in December 1971, It covers an area of 55,598 square miles with a population density of over 1400 per square mile. The estimated population is 84.655 million,(1) growing at about 3 per cent a year. The population is heavily concentrated in the rural areas but ironically 45 per cent of the rural households are landless.(2)

    • Educating Landless Women for Self-Reliance (Jamalpur)

      Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) is a non-governmental organisation involved in various activities with the objective of contributing to the economic and social development of rural Bangladesh. Founded and run by Bangladeshi nationals, it began in a small way in February 1972. Initially formed to rehabilitate refugees of the liberation war returning to Sulla Thana in the District of Sylhet, BRAC has grown into an organisation with projects and activities in several other districts.

    • Leadership Training for Village Women in Bangladesh

      Destitute and underprivileged rural women are rarely considered as an important target group for educational programmes. In Bangladesh, however, the Swanirvar Movement, with government support, has developed an original leadership training programme for village women.

    • Integrated Programme For Rural Leaders

      The Bangladesh National Women's Organisation known as Bangladesh Jatiya Mohila Sangstha, a voluntary organisation, was sponsored by the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in 1976 with the object of ensuring the social, economic, educational and cultural welfare of the women of Bangladesh. It comprises experiments in working with the poorer sections of society.

    • Population Planning Through Rural Womens' Cooperatives

      The Women's Pilot Project of the Integrated Rural Development Programmes (IRDP) grew out of the recognition that national development was not possible without the involvement of women in the development process. Mobilisation of women in Bangladesh, however, has been a difficult matter, as several factors mitigate against such mobilisation in development programmes and planning.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Case Studies from Sri Lanka

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    • Case Studies from Sri Lanka: Introduction

      Two of the three Sri Lanka studies exemplify what is being done to help urban women help themselves. The work in Henamulla Camp aims at the uplift of women in the shanties around Colombo where the living conditions are as poor as any in rural areas. The Kirillapone Project is focused on all members of slum families in areas due for slum clearance.

    • Training in Rural Leadership, Kaduwela

      The Kaduwela Training Centre case history presents a model of an integrated training programme imparted to village women who have been selected by inhabitants of different villages. The Lanka Mahila Samiti, a voluntary organisation in Sri Lanka, provides the training, after which the trainees return to their villages and involve themselves in upgrading village life and training groups of village women.

    • Improving Life in Shanties/Slums - Henamulla

      The present study concerns itself with the life of women in the slum area of the metropolitan city of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

    • Working Towards Self-Reliance - The Kirillapone Project

      Creating general awareness, in terms of helping women to make use of existing facilities as well as training them in skills which are marketable, evidently are important facets of any social development programme. Centuries of conditioning have resulted in hesitancy among women themselves to accept a social role other than that of a housewife/mother. The biggest task today, therefore, is to reach out to this group in a manner acceptable to them.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Case Study from Malaysia

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    • Case Study from Malaysia: Introduction

      The Kanita (Women and Children) Project on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia has one feature in common with the Nirmal Project in Maharashtra. Both involve university students in activities concerned with rural women's development. In the Nirmal Project the students, at least initially, were reluctant to participate in grass-roots living.

    • The Kanita Project, Malaysia: Women and Children in Development

      Malaysia, comprising the Malayan Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak, is possibly one of the most rapidly developing nations in South East Asia. It has a highly stable economy which is mainly dependent on export earnings from oil, tin, rubber, palm oil and a variety of other agricultural produce.

    • Glossary
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