Science for Technology for Development

Science for Technology for Development

An Expanded Programme of Scientific Co-operation in the Commonwealth You do not have access to this content

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Commonwealth Science Council
01 Jan 1981
9781848593831 (PDF)

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‘One cannot expect economic or social development unless a country has some technology and innovation; There cannot be a healthy programme of applied technological research unless there is some continuing basic research in progress as well.’ - Extracts from the Report.

This is the report of an expert group of scientists established by the Commonwealth Science Council to explore ways and means of promoting an expanded programme of scientific co-operation. Their remit was to examine and identify key issues for expanding cooperative scientific and technological programmes in the Commonwealth, especially in new emerging areas with major significance for the development efforts of member countries in the next 10-20 years.
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  • Foreword

    When they met in Kuala Lumpur in August 1982, the Commonwealth Science Council decided that ‘there was no need for a major change of direction in Commonwealth Science Council's activities’, but recommended, in this perspective, ‘a change in emphasis and in the balance of activities through more attention to science for technology, especially in disadvantaged member countries’.

  • Science for Technology for Development

    The Commonwealth Science Council (CSC) was established in 1975 with the aim of increasing the capabilities of the individual Commonwealth nations to use science and technology for economic, social and environmental development. Over the years its functions have evolved from those of pure liaison to supporting collaborative programmes on specific transfers of technologies that, though they may freely exist, have not been adequately applied to development.

  • Natural Resources

    The most accurate index of a country's industrial progress is its per capita energy consumption. Over 30 countries within the Commonwealth have an annual per capita income of less than US$1,000 (Appendix G; Page 93), and an energy consumption of 0.1-0.5 metric tons of coal equivalent (mtce). Compare this energy consumption with 7.0 mtce for Australia, 5.6 mtce for the United Kingdom and 13.5 mtce for Canada.

  • New Technological Aids

    Remote sensing is a technique for acquiring information about objects, areas of phenomena by means of sensors mounted on space craft or aircraft. Although of great value to weather forecasting and other meteorological tasks, especially in the tropics, one aspect, that of meteorological phenomena, is not considered here. For it is a specialised field undertaken mainly by national meteorological services in co-ordination with the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).

  • Science Management and Organisation

    Information technology fundamentally represents the integration of microelectronics and communications technologies for data acquisition, storage and dissemination. Systems already exist for the exchange of scientific and technological information, such as that for agriculture by CAB. The hardware for information technology systems is commercially available.

  • Implementation and Action Plan

    We have been advised on the various ways in which these programmes and projects could be implemented, whether through regional programmes, projects, special networks, special coordinators or steering committees. We have both noted the variety of research, training and activities to disseminate information that these projects involve and also the steps in implementation of special programmes (See Volume on ‘Background Papers’ CSC(84)EG-2). Though it will be necessary to ensure the involvement of good, committed scientists from the various research and development sectors, if the Council's purpose in this expanded programme of science for technology for development is to be achieved, we do not see any necessity for drastic changes in the implementation of future programmes.

  • Appendices
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