Low-cost Science Teaching Equipment

Low-cost Science Teaching Equipment

Report of a Commonwealth Regional Seminar/Workshop, Nassau, Bahamas, 16–26 November 1976 You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
Commonwealth Secretariat
01 Jan 1977
Pages:
98
ISBN:
9781848592506 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/9781848592506-en

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Education materials developed during the past two decades have tended to stress student participation and learning by doing. Consequently they require an adequate supply of equipment for effective implementation. Yet, to date, very little progress seems to have been made in school science teaching. One of the major reasons is the non-availability, inadequacy or non-utilisation of equipment.

This is a report of a seminar – the first of a series of such meetings on the teaching of science – concerned with the means of making the knowledge of science available to as many school pupils as possible through the local production of science teaching equipment, keeping the cost as low as possible.
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  • Introduction

    The importance of science to national development has been recognized by all governments. This is evident from the worldwide trend towards developing relevant materials which are related to a child's environment.

  • Seminar/Workshop Recommendations

    In order to achieve a good exchange of information at this seminar/workshop participating governments were asked to provide country papers on the state of science education in their countries. In general, these papers dealt with the status of science education at the primary, secondary, and teacher training levels. They were presented by representatives of the various countries during the first two plenary sessions of the meeting.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Summary of Discussions

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    • The State of Science Teaching in Commonwealth Caribbean Schools

      In order to achieve a good exchange of information at this seminar/workshop participating governments were asked to provide country papers on the state of science education in their countries. In general, these papers dealt with the status of science education at the primary, secondary, and teacher training levels. They were presented by representatives of the various countries during the first two plenary sessions of the meeting.

    • The Potential for Local Manufacture of School Science Equipment and the Problems of Equipping School Laboratories

      In the Caribbean, the traditional approach to science teaching - over-emphasis of teacher demonstration and learning by rote - is generally giving way to a new approach which involves inquiry, discovery, and the encouragement of pupil participation. The programmes being developed will therefore tend to depend heavily on an adequate supply of equipment and will become successful and effective only when the local resources are fully exploited and utilized.

    • Summary of Discussions: Design, Development and Production of Low-Cost Science Equipment

      The urgency of the need to develop low-cost science equipment for schools in the Caribbean was brought up during the presentation of country reports on the first day of the Seminar. This need was subsequently emphasized during the discussion of the lead paper on the potential for local manufacture of school science equipment and problems of equipping school laboratories. The general consensus of participants was that the development of equipment in each country should become an integral part of the local science curriculum.

    • The Organization and Management of School Science Equipment

      This paper was originally prepared for and discussed, in broad terms, at the Commonwealth Conference on Materials for Learning and Teaching which was held in New Zealand in 1975.

    • Summary of Discussions: The Use of Low-Cost Science Equipment in Schools

      Reference has already been made to the general trend in science teaching in the Caribbean - the development of programmes that rely heavily on adequate supply of equipment. Some of the items of equipment required are meant for teacher demonstration; for the student's handling and experimentation. However, very little seems to be known about what teachers actually do with the equipment they receive and how these items of equipment are stored and maintained.

    • Programme of Training and Supervision for the Efficient Use of School Science Equipment and the Dissemination of Information Relating to their Use

      In discussing production of science equipment in the Caribbean a necessity which the meeting had earlier identified was to ensure that the equipment produced would be put to the best advantage. It had been suggested that there should be adequate teacher preparation, both at the pre-service and in-service levels, and that the teacher education programmes should include some training in the preparation and use of equipment. During the discussion of the lead paper on "Programme of Training and Supervision for the Efficient Use of School Science Equipment and the Dissemination of Information Relating to their Use", the meeting focused its attention on the development and establishment of in-service training centres at local, sub-regional and regional levels.

    • Summary of Discussions: Commonwealth Co-Operation in the Manufacture, Supply and Use of School Science Equipment

      One of the functions of the Commonwealth Secretariat is to encourage and promote co-operation among member countries in the field of education. Four main ways in which this is done are: organizing conferences, seminars and workshops; carrying out research; collecting and disseminating information; and organizing and supporting training courses.

    • Summary of Laboratory Exercises

      The whole range of kits produced by the Kenya Science Equipment Production Unit (SEPU) was displayed together with a small number of items from the science kits of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) of India. The kits from both countries were accompanied by manuals for students and teachers. A few experiments were set up using these kits.

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