Low-cost Science Teaching Equipment, 2

Low-cost Science Teaching Equipment, 2

Report of a Commonwealth Regional Seminar–Workshop, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 20–30 September 1977 You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
Commonwealth Secretariat
30 Sep 1977
Pages:
56
ISBN:
9781848592698 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/9781848592698-en

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Until recently, science as a school subject has been unknown at the primary school level in most countries of the Third World. Even at the secondary school level where science has been taught for a number of years in Commonwealth African countries, the subject has still not made much impact at the classroom level partly because of the non-availability, inadequacy and ineffective utilisation of teaching aids and equipment.

This is a report of a seminar-workshop, which was the second in the series of such meetings on the theme of low-cost science equipment. Detailed discussions were held on the broad topics treated at the first seminar, paying special attention to the strategies for production and use of low-cost equipment in the African context.
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  • Introduction

    Until recently, science as a school subject has been unknown at the primary school level in most countries of the Third World. Even at the secondary school level where science has been taught for a number of years in Commonwealth African countries, the subject has still not made much impact at the classroom level partly because of the non-availability, inadequacy and ineffective utilization of teaching aids and equipment. Commonwealth governments have there fore requested the Commonwealth Secretariat to promote and encourage co-operative activities specifically aimed at alleviating the problem of school science equipment.

  • Seminar/Workshop Recommendations
  • Science Education in Commonwealth Africa

    Some countries represented at the seminar provided papers on the progress they have made in science education and its present state of development. The main points emerging from these papers are summarized below.

  • Low-Cost Science Teaching Equipment: Strategies for Production

    The importance of science to national development has been recognized by all governments in Commonwealth Africa. In most countries, therefore, efforts are being made by the authorities responsible for education to make a knowledge of science available to as many school pupils as possible. In order to do this effectively, curricula are being developed that emphasize the relevance of science to environmental conditions and which stress active student participation.

  • Low-Cost Science Teaching Equipment: Strategies for Use

    All too often there is an unfortunate presumption that once the problems of production are solved, the objective of teaching and learning science using enquiry-based practical approaches will be achieved automatically. Evidence refutes that assumption; witness a reliable study that revealed a 43% non-use of available science teaching kits in one Commonwealth country over a six-month period. Recognizing this fact, participants at the seminar considered ways of ensuring that once equipment was produced it would reach the classroom and be used appropriately, imaginatively and effectively.

  • Commonwealth Co-operation in the Production and Use of Science Teaching Equipment

    One of the functions of the Commonwealth Secretariat is to encourage and promote co-operation among member countries in the field of education. At the seminar it was noted that four main ways in which this is done are: organizing conferences, seminars and workshops; carrying out research; collecting and disseminating information; and organizing and supporting training courses.

  • Practical Laboratory Sessions

    To provide workshop experience in designing and producing materials locally for teaching science at low cost.

  • Low-Cost Science Equipment: Strategies For Production

    The subject of low-cost science equipment has occupied the minds of a large number of teachers and administrators alike ever since science education found its way into the African school system. The matter has been researched and discussed in conferences, symposia, and books. Interest in this problem derives in the first instance from the fact that money is generally in short supply.

  • Low-Cost Science Teaching Equipment: Strategies for Use

    The discussion of lead papers presented at the first of this series of Commonwealth Regional Seminars on Low-Cost Science teaching equipment held in the Caribbean in November 1976 revealed that there was considerable confusion over the term "low-cost". In an attempt to avoid a similar problem arising here, it might be worth-while to try to define this term at the outset. "Low-Cost" is a relative term; it must be seen in the specific context of a particular educational system.

  • Commonwealth Co-operation

    This paper seeks to indicate areas in which the Commonwealth Secretariat can assist in promoting Commonwealth co-operation in education in Africa.

  • Address at the Opening Ceremony by the Honourable Ndugu Nicholas Kuhanga Minister for National Education

    It gives me great pleasure to welcome you all at this seminar/workshop on Low-Cost Science Teaching Equipment, the first of its kind to be held in the country. We are told that the Commonwealth Secretariat organized a similar seminar in the Bahamas last year and that this is the second one. Indeed we feel greatly honoured to host this very important seminar/workshop.

  • Address by Mr Rex E O Akpofure Director, Education Division, Commonwealth Secretariat

    It is a special pleasure and privilege for me to bring you this morning sincere greetings and good wishes from the Commonwealth Secretariat in London. On behalf of the Secretary-General, His Excellency Mr Shridath Ramphal, 1 wish to welcome all of you who have found time to come to this opening ceremony. I welcome also our participants and observers, including those who are due to arrive later today.

  • Organization of Seminar/Workshop: Agenda

    The Production and Use of Low-Cost Science Teaching Equipment.

  • Organization of Seminar/Workshop: Timetable
  • Organization of Seminar/Workshop: Working Groups
  • Directory of Participants
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