Commonwealth Case Studies in Education

English
ISSN: 
2310-1458 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/23101458
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This series is comprised of key papers focusing on innovations and challenges in education. Each case study presents and analyses a pertinent educational issue in a timely and brief manner. The series marks an important contribution to educational advancement of benefit to countries, agencies and organisations with the Commonwealth and beyond.
 
Coping with HIV/AIDS in Education

Coping with HIV/AIDS in Education

Case Studies of Kenya and Tanzania You do not have access to this content

English
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/0801171e.pdf
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Author(s):
Magdallen N. Juma
01 Jan 2001
Pages:
84
ISBN:
9781848597440 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/9781848597440-en

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The case study districts selected in these two countries are among the areas with the highest HIV/AIDS infections. The analysis of AIDS programmes and their effectiveness has been undertaken at both district and national level. This book clearly demonstrates how HIV/AIDS is affecting pupils, teachers, parents, the curriculum and resources. It will be an invaluable source of reference for ministries of education and other decisionmakers in monitoring their own antiHIV/AIDS programmes.
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  • General Introduction to the Series

    Education systems are increasingly making changes in response to a rising tide of new expectations about the role of education in human development. Education is seen as a critical requirement for individuals to fulfil their potential, for communities to make positive changes in quality of life and for societies to improve their economic competitiveness. This rediscovery of education, as the key to human development, stems partly from the need to address growing inequalities within countries and between countries in an era of globalisation.

  • Executive Summary

    The overall purpose of these case studies was to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in selected districts of Kenya and Tanzania, and to review the various mechanisms in place in the affected communities to address the impact and challenges in education.

  • Background

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic has left no part of the world untouched. The problem is worldwide, although the greatest concentration of HIV infections and AIDS related deaths is in developing countries. Several countries in sub-Saharan Africa, together with countries in south and south-east Asia, account between them for 89 per cent of HIV infections.

  • The Kenya Case Study

    At the national level, there is some evidence of increased mortality as shown by the recent census. In Kenya, the overall results of the last census, carried out after an interval of 10 years, showed a national decrease in the projected population. Kenya's population projected in 1993 for the year 2000 was approximately 32 million in the absence of a major catastrophe like HIV/AIDS.

  • The Tanzania Case Study

    The findings of this study confirmed the fact that orphanhood is becoming a serious problem in the education service. One of the most difficult conditions created by AIDS is the increase in the number of children who are orphaned due to AIDS. The Kagera Regional Education Annual Report (KREAR) of 1996 shows that there were 46,350 orphans out of 199,450 pupils (aged 7–17) enrolled in primary schools.

  • Summary Conclusions

    The overall purpose of these case studies was to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in the selected districts of Kenya and Tanzania and the various mechanisms in place in the affected communities to address the impact and challenges in education.

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