Economic Paper

2310-1385 (online)
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This series examines current economic issues from a Commonwealth perspective. The titles in the series are technical papers of topical interest to specialists concerned with trade, micro and macroeconomics, development economics and related subjects.

The Renegotiation of the ACPEEC Convention of Lomé, with Special Reference to Agricultural Products

The Renegotiation of the ACPEEC Convention of Lomé, with Special Reference to Agricultural Products You do not have access to this content

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Simon Harris, Kevin Parris, Christopher Ritson, Eric Tollens
01 Dec 1978
9781848592803 (PDF)
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Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

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  • Preface

    The European Economic Community's Common Agricultural Policy acts as a severe constraint to the provision of freer access in the EEC market for agricultural exports from ACP countries. This constraint does not apply in the case of tropical agricultural products and greater progress has therefore been made in liberalising access for these products, both on a preferential basis under the Lomé Convention and Qther special arrangements and on a wider basis under the Generalised Scheme of Preferences. For CAP products, liberalisation poses special problems arising from the sensitive nature of the trade in most of these products and from the technical difficulties involved in accommodating preferential arrangements within the CAP framework.

  • Foreword

    The Commonwealth Secretariat commissioned the Centre for European Agricultural Studies to produce a background report of relevance to the re-negotiation of the Lomé Convention, concentrating upon the recent evolution of the CAP, trends in the production of certain agricultural commodities in the EEC, and the prospects for the liberalisation of policies affecting agricultural imports into the EEC from ACP States in a renewed Lomé Convention.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Background

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    • The Lome Convention

      The Lomé Convention was signed on the 28th February 1975, at Lomé, capital of Togo. It is intended as an economic co-operation agreement between the European Economic Community (EEC) and 46 African, Caribbean and Pacific states, the “ACP countries”. (There are now 53 states which are signatories to the Convention. See Appendix 1 for a list and map of countries involved).

    • The Common Agricultural Policy

      The Treaty of Rome specifies a set of objectives for the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) which are not dissimilar to those adopted by most of the developed countries.

    • The Community's External Policies

      For third countries, the Community's external face is more than merely the application of a common customs treatment to all imports. Although it is not yet possible to speak of a Community foreign policy as such, the Community has moved to some extent along this road. Certainly the Community's external policy as it has developed, and because of its substantial political content, is very much more than the sum of the Common Commercial Policy and the Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories - the only specific external policies referred to in the Treaty of Rome (Appendix 4).

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Commodity Analysis

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    • Vegetable Oilseed Products

      In this chapter an attempt is made to analyse the trading relationships between the EEC and the ACPs in the vegetable oilseed products sector. As background to the more detailed discussion of trading relationships, a number of important general characteristics of this sector are first outlined.

    • Fruit and Vegetables

      Trade in fruit and vegetables between the Community and third countries is a complex affair. It involves more than fifty different products, some of which, like apoles and pears, are typically grown in temperate regions, while others, like bananas and pineapples, are more suited to a tropical environment. These products are generally perishable, although preservation and pnocessing have extended their economic life.

    • Beef

      During the 1970s, the world beef economy has experienced considerable instability.

    • Cereals

      The cereals regime is often quoted as the classic CAP support mechanism, with its use of two principal policy measures - intervention buying to support domestic prices and variable levies to control imports. The aim of the regime is to guarantee a level of prices which producers will receive from the market. Normally these price levels are considerably higher than prices on world markets.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Some Important Issues

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    • Issues within the Lome Convention

      In the area of tariff concessions, the ACP States have already secured complete exemption from CCT duties on virtually all products, industrial and agricultural, where such duties are the only import charge. Consequently, the remaining obstacles for ACP exports to the Community are mainly for that category of products where other import charges apply. However, this category is significant as it includes most agricultural and food items.

    • Wider Issues Affecting the Operation of the Lome Convention

      Greece, Portugal and Spain have applied to join the Community; the dates of application were June 1975, March 1977 and July 1977, respectively. The Council of Ministers approved the application of Greece in mid-1976 and the negotiations for admission are underway (EC, 1976 B). The Commission has stated its opinion on Portugal's application to join the Communities and is also working on an opinion on Spain's application.

    • Appendices and Bibliography
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