Economic Paper

2310-1385 (online)
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This series examines current economic issues from a Commonwealth perspective. The titles in the series are technical papers of topical interest to specialists concerned with trade, micro and macroeconomics, development economics and related subjects.

The Management of Technological Change

The Management of Technological Change

Background Papers Prepared for a Commonwealth Working Group You do not have access to this content

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Commonwealth Secretariat
01 Apr 1986
9781848594074 (PDF)
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  • Preface

    Commonwealth Heads of Government, at their meeting in New Delhi in 1983, endorsed a recommendation from Commonwealth Employment and Labour Ministers that a Commonwealth Working Group be set up to examine member countries' experience in managing technological change. The Group, which was chaired by Prof. M. G. K. Menon of India, submitted its report, “Technological Change: Enhancing the Benefits”, to Commonwealth Governments in August 1985. It was made available to the wider international community during the following month, and considered at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in The Bahamas in October.

  • Managing Technological Change in Developing Countries: The Impact and Policy Implications of Microelectronic

    I wish to express my appreciation to the Commonwealth Secretariat for the opportunity to contribute to the deliberations of its Working Group on the Management of Technological Change. Thanks are also due to the members of that Group, especially Dr. Linda Lim, and to the staff of the Secretariat, in particular, Mr Ian Thomas and Dr. Vincent Cable for their valuable comments on earlier drafts.They, of course, bear no responsibility for the views expressed in this monograph as this rests entirely with the author.

  • Technology Policy Formulation in Developing Countries: with special reference to Institutional Framework and Policy Development Process

    This is an abridged and updated version of a report originally commissioned by the Commonwealth Secretariat in October 1984 to provide background material for members of the Commonwealth Working Group on the Management of Technological Change.

  • The Impact of Technological Change on Employment and Agreements for Negotiating Technological Change

    Economists have traditionally been optimistic about the long-term relationship between technological changc and employment levels in general. Technological change brings about job displacement but it also brings about job creation and the conventional wisdom is that at least in the long term the latter process outweighs the former.

  • The Choice of Industrial Techniques in Developing Countries

    A major purpose of this paper is to consider whether, other conditions being met, the range of extant industrial techniques is sufficiently large and sufficiently dense to make optimal choices possible. This raises questions about the operational meaning of optimality. It also raises questions as to why the most desirable techniques might not be chosen, and of policies that might improve choice.

  • Development and Management of Technological Change in Industry

    Since its inception in 1980/81, the Industrial Development Unit (IDU) has extended technical assistance to Commonwealth developing countries, at their request, in almost forty industrial sub-sectors (see Table 1 on page). Food processing accounted for the largest single number of projects (over onefifth of the total), assistance being given to the processing or refining of sugar, vegetable o ils, meat, fruit and vegetables, and salt. Non-metallic mineral products (e.g. ceramics, glass, cement and bricks) and metal products (e.g. cans, wire products, sheet metal and other light engineering products) each accounted for 10 per cent of the total, as did projects in the chemicals, textiles, and machinery and transport equipment sectors.

  • Biotechnology and the Third World

    This paper seeks to present briefly major developments in biotechnology. It outlines areas in new and traditional or conventional biotechnology which appear to be of greatest relevance and feasibility or are likely to have much impact on developing countries, and focuses on some aspects which should receive the attention of these countries.

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