Practical Mechanisms for Poverty Reduction You do not have access to this content

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Joseph Mullen, David Hulme
01 Jan 1996
9781848596146 (PDF)

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This study on Practical Mechanisms for Poverty Reduction was commissioned by the Commonwealth Secretariat with the view: (i) to identify major examples of practical mechanisms of poverty reduction, review the conditions associated with their success and assess their potential replicability; (ii) to identify donor agencies which finance these practical mechanisms and examine the conditions that apply to such assistance; and (iii) to review the role the Secretariat could play in assisting member countries to promote poverty reduction.

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  • Preface

    Commonwealth Heads of Government, during their November 1995 Meeting in Auckland, focused their attention on the persisting problem of poverty occurring in many Commonwealth developing countries. They agreed to support the Secretariat in its efforts to identify policies and programmes which had made a direct impact on the alleviation of poverty in Commonwealth countries and which might provide an insight into the formulation of new initiatives and strategies.

  • Executive Summary

    The study on Practical Mechanisms for Poverty Reduction was developed in response to a request from the Commonwealth Secretariat.

  • Focus on Poverty Reduction Mechanisms in the Commonwealth

    It is estimated that 1.1 billion people were below the poverty line as defined in Table A.1 in 1990. Asia has the highest share of these, some 633 million (of which 371 million are in India and China alone), followed by 204 million in sub-Saharan Africa, about 76 million in Latin America and the Caribbean and the balance in the Near East and North Africa. In percentage terms, the proportion of the rural population whose income and consumption fell below nationally defined poverty lines was estimated at 31 per cent in Asia (46 per cent if China and India were excluded), 60 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa, 61 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 26 per cent in the Near East and North Africa.

  • Mechanisms for Poverty Reduction

    A mechanism is understood to be a means of translating policy into action; its effectiveness therefore is closely allied to the quality of the policy itself and its particular relevance to the social and spatial reality to which the policy is being applied. Specifically in poverty alleviation, it is the means by which initiatives are undertaken to generate opportunities for the poor. The context of each mechanism requires careful study in order to identify the generic aspects which could potentially be reproduced elsewhere and that which is specific to the place, culture and needs of beneficiaries.

  • Annexe and Appendices
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