Information Management in Agrifood Chains

Information Management in Agrifood Chains

Towards an Integrated Paperless Framework for Agrifood Trade Facilitation You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
ESCAP
29 Feb 2016
Pages:
79
ISBN:
9789210578165 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/6f09c6c2-en

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International trade in agricultural and food products is more complex than trade in manufacturing – trade regulations are stricter, paperwork and logistics more complex. These are required for ensuring food safety for consumers. Detailed information on traded goods alongside the movement of goods in a supply chain is critically important for food safety. This publication outlines a framework for integrated agrifood information management, taking into account the functional needs of various stakeholders along the supply chain. The benefits as well as challenges involved in developing a comprehensive system are discussed. Practical recommendations for, and milestones in the enhancement of agrifood information systems for trade facilitation are provided, including a recommendation to develop a Single Window for Agrifood Trade.
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  • Acknowledgements
  • Preface
    International trade in agricultural and food products is more complex than trade in manufacturing – trade regulations are stricter, paperwork is more cumbersome and logistics are more complex. These elements are mainly required for ensuring food safety for consumers. Detailed information on traded goods alongside the movement of goods in a supply chain is critically important for food safety. Various actors need to exchange information in the complex process of importing and exporting agrifood products. While there has been significant progress in the development of regulatory trade single windows to facilitate trade in goods in general, together with efforts to issue electronic sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) certificates as well as to establish food traceability systems in some countries, these paperless systems may not fully meet the needs of the agriculture and food sector, where the requirement for accurate and timely information on products and their movements from farm to fork is becoming increasingly important to trade facilitation.
  • List of abbreviations and acronyms
  • Executive summary
    The present publication seeks to introduce information management in the agrifood chains as an integral part of trade facilitation in the sector. Agrifood chain information management can be understood as the collection and distribution of information about food and the food-trade along the whole food supply chain, from farm to fork. The concept embraces both traceability and trade facilitation systems, such as national single windows, customs systems and other controls. This guiding document puts forth a progressive way of looking at the way information is transferred in the agrifood sector.
  • Introducing information management in agrifood chains
    Single window facilities are a central tool in the facilitation of international trade, as evidenced by the inclusion of a provision for their implementation in the final text of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The United Nations Network of Experts for Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific (UNNExT) (unnext.unescap.org) provides a comprehensive Single Window Implementation Toolkit for trade facilitation, based on the UN/CEFACT step-by-step process. The present publication complements these more horizontal, i.e., sector-independent, guides by applying some of the principles to the agrifood sector, taking into account the specific requirements and characteristics of that sector.
  • Structuring agrifood chain information management
    The four “macro-trends” identified and discussed below are expected to drive the development of agrifood chain information management in the coming years.
  • Practical recommendations for enhancing information management for agrifood trade facilitation
    As part of a holistic national trade facilitation policy and action programme, Governments may initiate development of a Single Window for Agrifood Trade (SWAT) as an inter-organization information system aimed specifically at increasing the security and efficiency of agrifood cross-border trade through collaboration, electronic information exchange and efficient regulation.
  • Selected case studies
    This chapter discusses four cases of agrifood information management system development and operation for trade facilitation. The cases provide useful lessons for those countries intending to move forward with agrifood trade facilitation. Additional cases will be added as they become available.
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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Appendices

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    • Relevant international standards for SWATs
      Agrifood chain information management systems are a complex matter because they vary hugely in scope (purpose), depth (length of the chain), width (who is involved), breadth (attributes carried) and precision (how accurate forward and backward traceability finds sources and destinations).
    • Architectures for agrifood information management
      From a technical point of view, there are a number of implementations of the above systemic view. Most of the currently-run systems adhere to one of the models below. The models are, in principle, compatible with each other, i.e., a real-world implementation could use a mixed model where all four options presented below operate in parallel.
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