Sustainable agriculture

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Agriculture has a significant position with respect to the environment, especially due to the amount of land and water it uses. Agriculture is recognised to produce both positive (e.g. carbon sequestration) and negative environmental externalities (e.g. water pollution), that are not reflected in agricultural GDP as there are few markets for these externalities. The value of the positive and negative externalities generated by agriculture are likely to be substantial, but no comprehensive monetary assessment of these costs and benefits currently exists.

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Keywords:  sustainability, agriculture, farmland, agricultural area, agricultural land, sustainable agriculture

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  • Nutrient balance

    Nutrient balance is defined as the difference between the nutrient inputs entering a farming system (mainly livestock manure and fertilisers) and the nutrient outputs leaving the system (the uptake of nutrients for crop and pasture production).
  • Agricultural land

    Agricultural land area is defined as the land area that is either arable, under permanent crops, or under permanent pastures.
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