Producer Incentives in Livestock Disease Management

Producer Incentives in Livestock Disease Management You do not have access to this content

English
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/5117101e.pdf
  • PDF
  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/agriculture-and-food/producer-incentives-in-livestock-disease-management_9789264279483-en
  • READ
Author(s):
OECD
11 Sep 2017
Pages:
172
ISBN:
9789264279483 (PDF) ;9789264279476(print)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264279483-en

Hide / Show Abstract

Management of farm animal diseases is increasingly important in view of the threats they pose to farm incomes and sometimes even to the viability of farm enterprises, wildlife and humans. This report analyses the incentives for individual farmers to manage such risks and the governments' role to align farmer incentives with public objectives.

Identifying and assessing animal disease risks, as well as understanding their financial implications, are central to decisions made by farmers. The report examines the economic drivers of farmer decisions and government economic instruments, such as compensation related to livestock epidemics. It further discusses a spectrum of psychological and social drivers of farmer behaviour and emphasises the importance of government's more extensive role in the areas of information, communication and education related to disease management. Finally, farmer collective action in various areas of disease management is considered, such as capacity building, risk insurance, surveillance, and responses to disease outbreaks. The case studies of livestock disease management in Australia, Chile and Korea complement this analysis.

loader image

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

  • Mark Click to Access
  • Foreword

    This report is part of the OECD work on risk management in agriculture, complementing previous publications on Livestock Disease Policies: Building Bridges between Science and Economics (2013); Livestock Diseases: Prevention, Control and Compensation Schemes (2012); Managing Risk in Agriculture: Policy Assessment and Design (2011), as well as reports focussed on other areas of agricultural risk management, such as climate change and food security.

  • Acronyms
  • Executive summary

    Management of livestock diseases has become increasingly important given the concentration of livestock production, large volumes of cross-border trade, and international travel. Many diseases pose threats to humans and wildlife. Farmers are the primary decision-makers in livestock disease management. How can government policy align farmer incentives with public objectives related to livestock disease risks? This report examines various aspects of this broad question and provides recommendations for more effective government policy.

  • Add to Marked List
  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Economic, social, and internal factors of farmer decision-making related to animal disease

    • Mark Click to Access
    • Farmer and public roles in livestock disease management

      This chapter sets out the roles of private producers and government to prevent and control animal disease based on the OECD framework for risk management in agriculture. It then introduces key issues of aligning farmer incentives with public objectives as these relate to animal disease risks.

    • Economic determinants of farmer decision-making related to animal disease

      This chapter reviews the major economic and financial issues of farmers’ management decisions related to livestock disease. Farmer decisions are first examined from the perspective of costminimising or profit-maximising with no risk, uncertainty or information issues, which is most appropriately applied to endemic diseases. The role of risk and uncertainty in farm decisions is then examined, as are farm incentives in the presence of information asymmetries. This analysis provides insights that are relevant to epidemic diseases. Finally, the role of the farm industry structure and spatial effects in disease management are examined.

    • Insights from behavioural economics into farmer livestock disease management

      This chapter adds the insights from behavioural economics into farmer disease management. This research area combines psychology, sociology, and economics to examine the behaviour of economic actors. The theoretical framework of behavioural studies and the mapping of behavioural drivers into different policy areas is presented first, followed by an overview of the key findings of behavioural research applied to livestock farming. The final section presents a summary of the policy implications.

    • Issues of livestock disease management beyond the farm: Collective action, the role of food chains, and influences from wildlife

      This chapter considers outside factors that play a role in farmer disease management. It covers how livestock farmers working collectively to manage livestock disease in areas such as risk insurance, surveillance, and in response to livestock epidemics. This collective action often involves partnerships with the government. What influence do actors in the rest of the value chain have on farmer livestock disease management? Responses to food safety and quality, animal welfare and other consumer concerns related to livestock production methods may drive changes in farm practices by aligning incentives with policy objectives. This is followed by a discussion of what the presence of wildlife populations as disease reservoirs and vectors means to disease management and farm decisions. The final section summarises the implications for livestock policy across these issues.

    • Add to Marked List
  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Case studies in livestock disease management

    • Mark Click to Access
    • Case study in livestock disease management: Australia

      This case study begins with a contextual overview of the livestock sector and animal health situation in Australia, and then focuses on the following aspects: government awareness of producer behaviour in livestock disease management; information, education and training for producers; and producer compensation policy in Australia. The last section presents the conclusions and policy recommendations.

    • Case study in livestock disease management: Chile

      This case study begins with a contextual overview of the livestock sector and animal health situation in Chile, and then focuses on the following aspects: government awareness of producer behaviour in livestock disease management; information, education and training for producers; and producer compensation policy in Chile. The final section presents the conclusions and policy recommendations.

    • Case study in livestock disease management: Korea

      This case study begins with a contextual overview of the livestock sector and animal health situation in Korea, and then focuses on the following aspects: government awareness of producer behaviour in livestock disease management; information, education and training for producers; and producer compensation policy in Chile. The final section presents the conclusions and policy recommendations.

    • Add to Marked List
 
Visit the OECD web site