OECD Review of Agricultural Policies

1990-004X (online)
1990-0058 (print)
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These reviews present a comprehensive overview and assessment of subject countries’ agricultural policies combined with OECD estimates of the level of support provided to their farm sectors. They also examine such issues as welfare impacts of liberalisation; agricultural commodity markets; grain stock estimates; labour and food safety.

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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: South Africa 2006

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19 Apr 2006
9789264021907 (PDF) ;9789264036796(print)

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The South African economy, including agriculture, is increasingly integrated in world markets with about one-third of agricultural production exported. Wide ranging reforms liberalising domestic and foreign trade, and lowering support to agriculture were implemented in the 1990s. This first comprehensive OECD review of agriculture in South Africa assesses agricultural policies in the context of liberalisation reforms taken, new market pressures, land reform, and Black Economic Empowerment measures and makes a series of policy recommendations.
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  • Highlights and Policy Recommendations
    South Africa has undergone enormous economic, social and political change since the beginning of the democratisation process in 1994. The overall results have been positive with a stronger and stable macro economy, better integration into the global trading system, and progress in redressing past injustices and reducing poverty.
  • The Policy Context
    Chapter 1 of this study sets out the policy context. Section 1.1 provides a brief historical perspective of the main macroeconomic developments, earlier policy reforms and resulting current economic situation. Section 1.2 looks at the role of agriculture in the South African economy and how the structure of the sector is evolving. Section 1.3 examines agricultural trade in more detail in terms of both exports and imports. Section 1.4 then highlights some of the main impacts of policy reform on the sector.
  • Policy Evaluation
    Chapter 2 of this report examines the agriculture, trade and related social policy reforms impacting on the sector. The first Section highlights the government’s recent development strategies, policy objectives and institutional structure, which provide a framework for understanding and assessing subsequent policy reforms.
  • Policy Effects
    This Chapter examines various effects of existing policies and potential policy reforms. Section 3.1 looks at the tariffs faced by South Africa in its key export markets. Section 3.2 provides estimates of sectoral and economy wide welfare gains of own and multilateral trade liberalisation for South Africa.
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