OECD Review of Agricultural Policies

1990-004X (online)
1990-0058 (print)
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These reviews present a comprehensive overview and assessment of subject countries’ agricultural policies combined with OECD estimates of the level of support provided to their farm sectors. They also examine such issues as welfare impacts of liberalisation; agricultural commodity markets; grain stock estimates; labour and food safety.

Also available in French
OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Russian Federation 1998

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17 July 1998
9789264163126 (PDF) ;9789264160729(print)

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The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 marked the beginning of a long and laborious transition to a market-oriented economy in Russia. While significant progress has been made in liberalising the economy, difficulties remain in the agro-food sector. Russia has enormous economic potential and the agricultural economy will continue to form a significant part of Russia's economic and social structure well into the 21st century. But to fulfill this potential, Russia needs to facilitate the development and implementation of effective market mechanisms and to eliminate the structural barriers that are impeding the emergence of a strong and competitive agro-food sector. This study is one of the most comprehensive analyses and assessments of developments in Russia's agricultural policies since the onset of reform, drawing on the OECD's well-established method of calculating support from agricultural policies using Producer and Consumer Subsidy Equivalents.

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Table of Contents

Summary and Conclusions
-A. The Economic and Agricultural Environment
-B. Agro-Food Restructuring
-C. Agricultural Policies
-D. International Trade Relations
-E. Assistance to Agriculture
-F. Conclusion
Part I. Economic and Agricultural Environment
A. General Aspects
-B. Agricultural Situation
Part II. Agro-Food Foreign Trade
A. Trade Flows
-B. Trade Relations
Part III. Privatisation and Structural Change in the Agro-Food Sector
A. Land Ownership in Russia - Historical Overview
-B. Farm Structures Before Reform
-C. The Process of Land and Agrarian Reform
-D. Privatisation in the Upstream and Downstream Sectors
-E. Privatisation and Reorganization of the Social and Technical Infrastructure
Part IV. Agricultural and Food Policy Objectives and Measures
A. Agricultural Policy Framework
-B. Price and Income Support Measures
-C. Foreign Trade Measures
-D. Reduction of Input Costs
-E. Infrastructural Measures
-F. Rural Development Measures
-G. Social Measures
-H. Environmental Measures
-I. Consumer Measures
-J. Overall Budgetary Outlays on Agro-Food Policies
Part V. Evaluation of Support to Agriculture
-A. Aggregate Results
-B. Exchange Rate Sensitivity
-C. Decomposition Analysis of Support
-D. Analysis of Support by Commodity
Annex I. Assistance to Russian Agriculture: Concepts, Methodology, and PSE and CSE Data
Annex II. Main Political and Agricultural Policy Events 1985-1997
Annex III. Regional Analysis of Agricultural Policy in the Russian Federation

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