OECD Review of Agricultural Policies

1990-004X (online)
1990-0058 (print)
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These reviews present a comprehensive overview and assessment of subject countries’ agricultural policies combined with OECD estimates of the level of support provided to their farm sectors. They also examine such issues as welfare impacts of liberalisation; agricultural commodity markets; grain stock estimates; labour and food safety.

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OECD Review of Agricultural Policies: Bulgaria 2000

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21 Dec 2000
9789264189768 (PDF) ;9789264185517(print)

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OECD's 2000 review of Bulgaria's agricultural policies. It finds that with open trade and few price-distorting policies, Bulgaria is well on the route to laying down a sound foundation for improving the efficiency and competitiveness of its agro-food sector in preparation for accession to the European Union. However, a number of challenges remain. These include: establishing a functioning land market, reducing excess capacity in the food processing sector and encouraging investment in the agro-food industry. Another high priority is to accelerate economic growth and the development of off-farm employment opportunities for those leaving agriculture.

The Review analyses developments since the 40-year monopoly of the communist party ended in 1989. It evaluates key structural issues, examines emerging policy developments and provides detailed estimates of support to agriculture, using the OECD’s Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs/CSEs). The study also discusses current policy options for Bulgarian agriculture within the framework of the EU’s Special Accession Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (SAPARD). For those involved in central and eastern European agriculture and agro-food policies, markets and trade, the Review offers unique information and analysis. Policy-makers, businesses and researchers will find it an invaluable reference for a long time to come.

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Table of Contents

Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations
A. The Economic and Agricultural situation
B. Agro-Food Foreign Trade
C. Agro-Food Privatisation and Restructuring
D. Agricultural Policies
E. Support to Agriculture
F. Rural Development and EU Accession
G. Conclusions and Recommendations
Part 1. The Economic and Agricultural Situation
A. General Aspects
-1. Background
-2. Historial Overview and Political Developments
-3. Administrative Structures and Constitutional Development
B. Macroeconomic Developments
C. Agricutlural Situation
Part II. Agro-Food Foreign Trade
A. Trade Flows
B. Trade Relations
Part III. Privatisation and Structural Change in the Agro-Food Sector
A. Land Ownership in Bulgaria - Historical Overview
B. Farm Structures before 1990
C. The Process of Land and Agrarian Reform since 1991
D. Privatisation in the Upstream and Downstream Sectors
Part IV. Agro-Food Policy Objectives and Measures
A. Agricultural Policy Framework
B. Price and Income Support Measures
C. Foreign Trade Measures
D. Reduction of Input Costs
E. Infrastructural Measures
F. Social Measures
G. Environmental Concerns and Protection Measures
H. Consumer Measures
I. Overall Budgetary Outlays on Agro-Food Policies
Part V. Evaluation of Support to Agriculture
A. Aggregate Results
B. Exchange Rate Sensitivity
C. Composition of Support
D. Analysis of Support by Commodity
Part VI. Rural Development Policies and EU Accession
A. Rural Development Policy in the Pre-Reform Period and in the 1990s
B. Definition of Rural Areas
C. General Characteristics of Rural Areas
D. Rural Development in the Regional Policy Context
E. Rural Development and SAPARD
Annex Tables to Parts I, II, and IV
Statistical Annex: Assistance to Bulgarian Agriculture
Supporting Tables: Calculations of PSEs and CSEs

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