OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
25 June 2013
Pages :
190
ISBN :
9789264186217 (PDF) ; 9789264181151 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264186217-en

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Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment as it uses on average over 40% of water and land resources in OECD countries. The impacts occur on and off farm, including both pollution and degradation of soil, water and air. But agriculture also supplies ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, provides a sink for greenhouse gases, and contributes to flood control and the aesthetic value of landscapes.

This compendium updates the data issued in Environmental Performance of Agriculture at a Glance and provides comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990, covering soil, water, air and biodiversity and looking at recent policy developments in all 34 OECD countries.

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  • Click to Access:  Foreword

    The OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators provides the latest and most comprehensive set of agri-environmental indicators (AEIs) across 34 OECD countries from 1990 to 2010. It builds on 20 years of OECD work on developing AEIs (see www.oecd.org/tad/sustainable-agriculture/agri-environmentalindicators.htm). The AEIs in the report seek to: describe the current state and trends of environmental conditions in agriculture; highlight where hot spots are emerging; compare trends in performance across time and between countries; and provide a set of indicators and database which can be drawn on for: policy monitoring and evaluation; projecting future trends; and for developing green growth indicators.

  • Click to Access:  Executive summary

    The recent environmental performance of agriculture provides some encouraging signs that agriculture is capable of meeting future environmental challenges (). Evidence for OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 show improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output. Enhanced environmental performance has also flowed from the more widespread adoption of environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing, and drip irrigation.

  • Click to Access:  Overview

    This chapter presents the objectives, scope, and structure of the report. It examines the coverage and methodology relating to the data underlying the OECD agri-environmental indicators, their main caveats and limitations, and an assessment according to the four OECD criteria of: policy relevance, analytical soundness, measurability and interpretability. The chapter also provides a summary of the main trends of the environmental performances of agriculture in the OECD area since 1990.

  • Click to Access:  Policy and market drivers impacting on the recent and future environmental performance of agriculture

    This chapter provides an overview of the role of agriculture in the economy and the environment, underlying the significant position of agriculture with respect to the environment. It also examines policy and market drivers affecting recent trends in the environmental performance of agriculture, such as the changes in the overall level and composition of support to farmers, developments in agri-environmental policies and trends in agricultural commodity prices. Finally, the chapter presents an outlook for the environmental performances of agriculture in relation to projected changes in agricultural commodity prices and production, and identifies developments that may help lower the pressure of agriculture on the environment and encourage the development of environmental benefits associated with agriculture.

  • Click to Access:  Agricultural production, land use, organic farming and transgenic crops

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to agricultural production, land use, organic farming and transgenic crops. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Nutrients: Nitrogen and phosphorus balances

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to nitrogen and phosphorus balances. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Pesticide sales

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to pesticide sales. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Energy: On-farm energy consumption and production of biofuels from agricultural feedstocks

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to on-farm energy consumption and production of biofuels from agricultural feedstocks. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Soil: Water and wind erosion

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to soil, in particular water and wind erosion. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Water resource withdrawals, irrigated area, and irrigation water application rates

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to water resource withdrawals, irrigated area, and irrigation water application rates. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Water quality: Nitrates, phosphorus and pesticides

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to water quality. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Ammonia emissions: Acidification and eutrophication

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to ammonia emissions. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Greenhouse gas emissions: Climate change

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to greenhouse gas emissions. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Methyl bromide: Ozone depletion

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to methyl bromide. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Biodiversity: Farmland bird populations and agricultural land cover

    This chapter reviews the environmental performances of agriculture in OECD countries related to biodiversity. It provides a description of the policy context (issues and main challenges), definitions for the agri-environmental indicators presented, and elements related to concepts, interpretations, links to other indicators, as well as measurability and data quality. The chapter then describes the main trends of the agri-environmental indicators, using available data covering the period 1990-2010 and based on a set of tables and figures.

  • Click to Access:  Use of indicators for policy monitoring and evaluation

    Policy relevance is a key criterion in the selection and development of agri-environmental indicators (AEIs). This section provides illustrative examples of how the OECD’s AEIs are being used in policy analysis and monitoring across a range of countries, institutions and researchers.

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