Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990
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Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990

In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment. 

Did You Know?  In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.

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Publication Date :
16 June 2008
DOI :
10.1787/9789264040854-en
 
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OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990: Germany You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Pages :
305–312
DOI :
10.1787/9789264040854-14-en

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Agriculture plays only a minor role in the German economy. The sector currently contributes about 1.1% to GDP and 2.3% to employment (Figure 3.9.1). Overall the volume of farm production declined slightly over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04, with lower livestock production (–6%) but increasing crop output (+13%). The intensity of agricultural production appears to be diminishing with farm input use declining more rapidly than production. There has been a decrease over the period 1990-92 to 2002-04 in the use of inorganic nitrogen (–6%) and phosphate fertilisers (–49%), pesticides (–11%) and direct on-farm energy consumption (–20%) (Figure 3.9.2). Since German reunification in 1990, changes in the farming sectors of the Old Länder (former West Germany) and the New Länder (former East Germany) have significantly differed. In the New Länder farming contracted sharply following unification, with farm employment falling to 20% of its 1989 level by the early 1990s [1]. Old Länder farming is dominated by livestock, raising over 75% of the nation’s cattle, sheep and pigs. Farm size in the Old Länder is about 30 hectares compared to 200 hectares on average in the New Länder. By contrast in the New Länder crops dominate and farming is more capital intensive [2].
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