China's Agriculture in the International Trading System

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16 Mar 2001
9789264193000 (PDF) ;9789264186828(print)

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Chinese decision-makers are grappling with policy choices that will optimise the gains from China’s integration into the international trading system in harmony with social, regional and sustainable development goals. Trade liberalisation can significantly enhance the reform process underway and bring great benefits to China. But the agricultural sector faces the greatest challenges and potential hardships of any economic sector from this process. Significant domestic policy reform and structural adjustment will be critical to enable China to realise its comparative advantage in agriculture and to redeploy an estimated 150 million redundant farmers. To sharpen understanding of the policy options, the OECD invited Chinese and international experts to reflect together upon the likely impacts of freer trade on China’s agricultural sector. Based on the results of China’s WTO negotiations with key trading partners, they assessed the compatibility of China’s WTO commitments with domestic policies and the need for specific changes. They analysed the effects of likely policy changes on cereal, oilseeds and livestock markets in China and OECD countries. And they examined the implications of China’s WTO accession on rural enterprises, regional development and the domestic and international political economy. These proceedings offer the reader the fruits of timely analytical and strategic thinking and joint reflection on some of the most important agricultural policy issues for China and the world.

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Table of Contents

-Executive Summary
-Opening Statement by Seiichi Kondo
Session One: Trade Policy Changes and Impacts on Agricultural Markets
Changes in China's Agricultural Policy Regime: Impacts on Agricultural Production, Consumption, Prices, and Trade by Josef Schmidhuber
-China's Agricultural Restructuring and System Reform under its Accession to WTO by Ying Du
-WTO SPS Agreement - Implications for China's Accession by Ministry of Agriculture, Australia
Session Two: Trade Integration and Impacts on Factor Markets and Natural Resources
China's Trade Integration and Impacts on Factor Markets by Colin Carter
-Trade Integration and Impacts on Natural Resources by Frederick Crook
-Regional Comparative Advantage in China's Grain Production: Implications for Policy Reform by Funing Zhong, Zhigang Xu, and Longbo Fu
-Session Three: China's Accession to the WTO and Changes in the Political Economy
-The Political Implications of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture by Joseph Fewsmith
-China in the WTO: Implications for International Trade and Policy Making in Agriculture by Brad Gilmour and Lars Brink
-Session Four: China's Accession to the WTO: Issues for, and Impacts on Agricultural Policy
-Changes to Domestic Agricultural Policy after China's Accession to the WTO by Xiaoqing Xu
-China's WTO Accession: Conflicts with Domestic Agricultural Policies and Institutions by Hunter Colby, Xinshen Diao, and Francis Tuan
-Trade Integration and the Prospects for Rural Enterprise Development in China by Albert Park
-China's Grain Economy toward Trade Integration: Policy Adjustment and Trade Implications by Dewen Wang
-Pig Farming Development in China under the WTO Framework: Trade and Policies by Liangbiao Chen
-Entering WTO and Opening Agricultural Markets: Impacts on China's Use of Foreign Funds in Agriculture by Hongxin Ni
-Improvements in China's Agricultural Legislation in Light of WTO Entry by Lejun Wang
-Industrialisation of the Agro-Food Chain - An Effective Way to Enhance Agricultural Competitiveness under WTO by Xiuman Zheng
-Development of Rural Enterprises (TVEs) in China and Adjustment Policies in Light of WTO Accession by Quixia Zhu

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