Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2017
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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2017

This report is the 30th in the series of OECD reports that monitor and evaluate agricultural policies across countries, and the fifth report to include both OECD countries and a set of emerging economies. It includes countries from all six continents, including the 35 OECD countries and the six non-OECD EU member states, as well as eleven emerging economies: Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. Overall, the 52 countries covered by this report account for about two-thirds of global agricultural value added.

Comprehensive Country Chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr_pol-2017-en.
 

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Table A.34 – Composition of General Services Support Estimate You or your institution have access to this content

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AGRICULTURAL POLICY MONITORING AND EVALUATION 2017 - © OECD 2017

‌A.34Composition of General Services Support Estimate
As percentage of GSSE
‌‌
‌1986-88‌
‌1995-97‌
‌2014-16‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016p‌
Australia
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
100.0
 
75.4
 
54.2
 
56.6
 
55.0
 
50.7
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
100.0
 
75.4
 
49.0
 
51.2
 
48.5
 
46.8
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.0
 
0.0
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
6.5
 
3.9
 
Inspection and control
0.0
 
5.2
 
11.3
 
9.6
 
11.7
 
12.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
5.2
 
10.3
 
8.7
 
10.7
 
11.9
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
0.0
 
14.1
 
32.8
 
33.2
 
30.9
 
34.4
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
6.0
 
15.9
 
14.3
 
13.4
 
20.1
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.0
 
5.3
 
16.9
 
18.7
 
17.4
 
14.3
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
1.7
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
1.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
5.3
 
1.7
 
0.6
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
2.7
 
0.8
 
0.3
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
2.7
 
0.8
 
0.3
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Canada
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
41.8
 
43.2
 
37.3
 
37.6
 
38.3
 
35.9
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
23.6
 
27.1
 
23.3
 
22.8
 
24.6
 
22.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
18.2
 
16.1
 
14.0
 
14.8
 
13.7
 
13.5
 
Inspection and control
24.6
 
21.2
 
43.7
 
44.7
 
44.4
 
41.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
23.6
 
20.3
 
40.8
 
41.2
 
41.4
 
39.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.1
 
0.9
 
2.9
 
3.4
 
2.9
 
2.3
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
23.3
 
12.1
 
9.8
 
8.1
 
8.6
 
13.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
8.0
 
2.8
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
2.3
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
13.4
 
7.5
 
6.1
 
4.6
 
5.2
 
8.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.6
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
7.3
 
20.6
 
8.4
 
8.8
 
7.8
 
8.4
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
5.2
 
19.5
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
6.2
 
Promotion of agricultural products
2.2
 
1.1
 
2.5
 
2.9
 
2.4
 
2.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
3.0
 
2.8
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
Chile1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
27.8
 
20.7
 
22.2
 
20.7
 
19.2
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
26.7
 
20.3
 
21.9
 
20.4
 
18.9
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
1.1
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
Inspection and control
..
 
1.2
 
20.3
 
19.8
 
20.1
 
21.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
1.2
 
11.4
 
11.2
 
11.4
 
11.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
8.9
 
8.7
 
8.6
 
9.5
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
63.9
 
54.9
 
53.7
 
54.9
 
55.8
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
57.2
 
34.4
 
33.5
 
34.2
 
35.4
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
6.8
 
20.3
 
20.1
 
20.6
 
20.3
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
6.4
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
3.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
6.4
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
3.6
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.7
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
European Union2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
19.9
 
36.4
 
51.9
 
47.7
 
52.1
 
56.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
12.1
 
17.0
 
20.0
 
18.2
 
19.9
 
22.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
7.8
 
19.5
 
31.8
 
29.5
 
32.3
 
34.2
 
Inspection and control
2.1
 
2.7
 
6.2
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
6.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.8
 
0.6
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.3
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.3
 
2.0
 
3.6
 
3.4
 
3.7
 
3.8
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
14.6
 
19.5
 
24.7
 
29.9
 
22.5
 
21.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
1.9
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
2.7
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
7.5
 
6.6
 
5.4
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
2.4
 
1.0
 
3.1
 
3.7
 
2.5
 
2.9
 
Farm restructuring
2.9
 
9.2
 
12.9
 
18.4
 
11.1
 
8.4
 
Marketing and promotion
13.2
 
19.3
 
16.7
 
16.2
 
18.9
 
14.8
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
1.5
 
2.7
 
7.9
 
7.2
 
10.8
 
5.5
 
Promotion of agricultural products
11.7
 
16.5
 
8.8
 
9.0
 
8.1
 
9.3
 
Cost of public stockholding
50.0
 
21.6
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.8
 
Miscellaneous
0.3
 
0.5
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
Iceland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
25.5
 
35.3
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
9.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
19.1
 
25.0
 
9.7
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
9.1
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
6.4
 
10.3
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Inspection and control
5.0
 
9.5
 
46.9
 
42.4
 
43.5
 
53.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
5.0
 
9.5
 
46.9
 
42.4
 
43.5
 
53.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
12.5
 
20.2
 
2.8
 
2.4
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
9.7
 
13.3
 
2.8
 
2.4
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
2.8
 
6.9
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
7.9
 
8.1
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.8
 
4.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
7.9
 
8.1
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.8
 
4.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
49.0
 
26.9
 
36.2
 
40.9
 
38.4
 
30.9
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Israel1,3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
39.9
 
51.3
 
49.1
 
51.0
 
54.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
39.1
 
50.9
 
48.8
 
50.7
 
53.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
0.8
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.6
 
Inspection and control
..
 
14.4
 
15.0
 
15.5
 
16.1
 
13.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
3.6
 
3.3
 
2.9
 
3.2
 
3.7
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
10.8
 
11.7
 
12.6
 
13.0
 
9.4
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
2.8
 
20.7
 
23.8
 
20.0
 
18.1
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
1.7
 
13.6
 
13.0
 
13.3
 
14.5
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
1.1
 
3.9
 
4.9
 
3.9
 
2.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
3.2
 
5.9
 
2.8
 
0.8
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
15.2
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
15.2
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
27.8
 
8.8
 
9.6
 
8.7
 
8.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
3.8
 
1.9
 
3.7
 
6.0
 
Japan
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
5.9
 
4.6
 
11.9
 
12.6
 
12.2
 
11.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
3.6
 
3.2
 
7.8
 
8.0
 
8.2
 
7.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
2.3
 
1.4
 
4.1
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
Inspection and control
0.6
 
0.5
 
1.1
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
88.3
 
90.5
 
84.2
 
83.7
 
83.7
 
85.1
 
Hydrological infrastructure
33.7
 
30.5
 
35.6
 
39.0
 
34.7
 
33.4
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
47.3
 
55.3
 
39.9
 
33.4
 
41.4
 
44.6
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
7.4
 
4.7
 
8.7
 
11.4
 
7.6
 
7.1
 
Marketing and promotion
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
0.8
 
1.6
 
1.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.9
 
0.7
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.9
 
0.7
 
1.1
 
0.7
 
1.5
 
1.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
3.4
 
3.1
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Korea
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
6.4
 
11.1
 
28.0
 
25.4
 
28.6
 
29.8
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
5.8
 
9.5
 
24.0
 
24.4
 
23.4
 
24.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.6
 
1.6
 
4.0
 
1.0
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
Inspection and control
2.5
 
2.2
 
7.4
 
6.5
 
7.7
 
8.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
1.7
 
1.7
 
4.3
 
3.9
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.6
 
0.4
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
3.2
 
3.4
 
Input control
0.3
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
44.4
 
74.4
 
54.5
 
58.7
 
52.8
 
52.3
 
Hydrological infrastructure
42.8
 
61.5
 
47.9
 
48.8
 
47.2
 
47.7
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
1.5
 
12.2
 
4.6
 
7.7
 
3.7
 
2.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Farm restructuring
0.1
 
0.6
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
0.4
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
1.1
 
1.6
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.4
 
1.6
 
2.3
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
Cost of public stockholding
46.7
 
12.0
 
8.5
 
7.2
 
9.9
 
8.4
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Mexico4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
27.5
 
54.2
 
49.7
 
43.5
 
47.4
 
60.4
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
10.5
 
20.1
 
12.0
 
10.8
 
11.2
 
14.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
17.0
 
34.1
 
37.7
 
32.7
 
36.2
 
45.9
 
Inspection and control
0.0
 
5.7
 
9.9
 
8.3
 
9.3
 
12.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
1.9
 
3.3
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
4.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
1.9
 
3.3
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
4.2
 
Input control
0.0
 
1.9
 
3.3
 
2.8
 
3.1
 
4.2
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
27.1
 
16.5
 
38.8
 
46.2
 
41.0
 
26.9
 
Hydrological infrastructure
23.7
 
13.9
 
34.3
 
41.2
 
36.4
 
22.9
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
1.3
 
0.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
4.6
 
5.0
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
Farm restructuring
2.1
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
7.9
 
5.9
 
1.5
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
0.1
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
7.9
 
5.9
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.0
 
1.5
 
2.0
 
2.3
 
0.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
37.5
 
17.8
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
50.5
 
64.8
 
49.3
 
49.7
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
50.5
 
61.5
 
33.4
 
31.7
 
32.7
 
35.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.0
 
3.3
 
15.9
 
18.0
 
16.2
 
13.6
 
Inspection and control
26.7
 
24.1
 
33.9
 
32.1
 
33.9
 
35.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
3.9
 
21.8
 
33.1
 
31.3
 
33.1
 
34.9
 
Input control
22.7
 
2.3
 
0.8
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
0.8
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
22.9
 
11.2
 
16.8
 
18.1
 
17.2
 
15.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
22.9
 
5.5
 
10.2
 
11.7
 
10.7
 
8.2
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.0
 
5.6
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.7
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
57.5
 
56.7
 
57.6
 
56.6
 
57.9
 
58.3
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
14.6
 
20.5
 
18.4
 
20.2
 
18.6
 
16.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
42.8
 
36.2
 
39.2
 
36.4
 
39.3
 
41.9
 
Inspection and control
3.7
 
17.7
 
20.5
 
21.1
 
20.2
 
20.2
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.5
 
20.5
 
21.1
 
20.2
 
20.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
3.7
 
17.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
22.9
 
11.1
 
16.1
 
16.1
 
16.3
 
15.9
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
7.8
 
3.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
15.1
 
8.0
 
9.8
 
9.8
 
10.1
 
9.7
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.2
 
6.2
 
Marketing and promotion
16.0
 
12.3
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
16.0
 
12.3
 
5.8
 
6.2
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
2.3
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Switzerland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
25.5
 
27.9
 
49.1
 
49.0
 
48.8
 
49.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
19.9
 
21.5
 
30.3
 
30.1
 
30.1
 
30.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
5.6
 
6.4
 
18.8
 
18.9
 
18.7
 
18.9
 
Inspection and control
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.7
 
1.9
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
18.6
 
14.1
 
12.3
 
12.4
 
12.9
 
11.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
18.6
 
14.1
 
12.3
 
12.4
 
12.9
 
11.6
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
6.6
 
7.6
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
6.6
 
7.6
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
Cost of public stockholding
15.2
 
14.0
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
5.1
 
5.3
 
Miscellaneous
31.9
 
33.9
 
23.2
 
23.4
 
23.0
 
23.2
 
Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
14.2
 
1.4
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
6.5
 
5.7
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
11.3
 
1.0
 
5.6
 
5.4
 
6.3
 
5.1
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
3.0
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.6
 
Inspection and control
16.6
 
2.7
 
1.5
 
1.7
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
16.6
 
2.7
 
1.5
 
1.7
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
6.4
 
20.9
 
74.4
 
77.2
 
66.7
 
79.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
4.1
 
20.5
 
74.4
 
77.2
 
66.7
 
79.6
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
2.2
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
34.6
 
72.8
 
18.1
 
15.5
 
25.4
 
13.3
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
34.6
 
72.8
 
18.1
 
15.5
 
25.4
 
13.3
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
28.2
 
2.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
36.3
 
34.9
 
26.1
 
28.5
 
26.1
 
24.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
33.3
 
32.1
 
24.1
 
26.4
 
24.0
 
22.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
3.0
 
2.8
 
1.9
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
1.6
 
Inspection and control
12.0
 
13.2
 
15.7
 
17.0
 
15.5
 
14.9
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
12.0
 
13.2
 
11.8
 
12.7
 
11.6
 
11.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
4.0
 
4.2
 
4.0
 
3.8
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
0.4
 
0.6
 
30.4
 
25.8
 
29.6
 
35.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.1
 
30.2
 
25.5
 
29.4
 
34.8
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
15.9
 
15.4
 
13.5
 
13.0
 
14.6
 
12.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
15.9
 
15.4
 
13.5
 
13.0
 
14.6
 
12.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
1.2
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
Miscellaneous
35.4
 
34.6
 
14.1
 
15.7
 
14.0
 
12.8
 
OECD5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
18.1
 
18.6
 
32.2
 
32.7
 
32.3
 
31.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
12.5
 
11.8
 
18.7
 
18.6
 
18.7
 
18.6
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
5.6
 
6.7
 
13.6
 
14.0
 
13.6
 
13.0
 
Inspection and control
4.1
 
3.4
 
9.2
 
9.1
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
3.0
 
2.2
 
5.5
 
5.4
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.0
 
1.2
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
Input control
0.1
 
0.0
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
40.7
 
53.4
 
42.9
 
43.3
 
40.9
 
44.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
15.5
 
20.8
 
18.4
 
18.9
 
17.7
 
18.5
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
20.5
 
27.8
 
11.0
 
9.7
 
10.9
 
12.6
 
Institutional infrastructure
1.0
 
0.4
 
7.5
 
6.0
 
7.4
 
9.3
 
Farm restructuring
3.6
 
4.4
 
6.0
 
8.8
 
5.0
 
4.1
 
Marketing and promotion
8.4
 
12.5
 
11.0
 
10.7
 
12.6
 
9.8
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
1.1
 
1.6
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
4.5
 
2.6
 
Promotion of agricultural products
7.3
 
10.9
 
7.4
 
7.1
 
8.2
 
7.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
23.1
 
8.0
 
1.2
 
0.9
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
Miscellaneous
5.6
 
4.2
 
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.6
 
3.6
 
Brazil1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
33.8
 
78.1
 
66.4
 
89.7
 
81.4
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
26.1
 
67.2
 
54.6
 
80.2
 
70.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
7.7
 
10.9
 
11.7
 
9.5
 
11.2
 
Inspection and control
..
 
3.2
 
1.5
 
2.0
 
0.8
 
1.5
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
1.6
 
0.2
 
0.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
1.6
 
1.2
 
1.3
 
0.8
 
1.5
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
50.2
 
12.0
 
20.8
 
3.1
 
9.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
17.3
 
6.1
 
11.5
 
1.4
 
4.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.3
 
0.8
 
1.9
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
32.6
 
5.1
 
7.4
 
1.6
 
5.3
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.2
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.2
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
12.6
 
8.1
 
10.0
 
6.2
 
7.5
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
China1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
8.1
 
24.3
 
26.7
 
20.9
 
26.3
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
1.0
 
11.6
 
12.9
 
9.7
 
12.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
7.2
 
12.7
 
13.8
 
11.3
 
13.6
 
Inspection and control
..
 
4.8
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
5.0
 
6.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
2.1
 
2.3
 
1.9
 
2.3
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
4.8
 
2.9
 
3.1
 
2.5
 
3.1
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
23.4
 
29.5
 
32.8
 
24.9
 
32.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
13.8
 
15.9
 
11.2
 
15.2
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
23.4
 
6.3
 
7.3
 
5.2
 
6.5
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
7.8
 
8.1
 
7.1
 
8.5
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
1.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
63.7
 
38.9
 
32.7
 
47.7
 
33.8
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Colombia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
25.3
 
41.3
 
34.8
 
41.5
 
49.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
10.5
 
16.3
 
13.9
 
17.0
 
18.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
14.8
 
25.0
 
20.9
 
24.5
 
30.7
 
Inspection and control
..
 
3.4
 
6.6
 
8.3
 
5.4
 
6.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
2.0
 
2.4
 
1.8
 
2.8
 
2.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
1.0
 
3.9
 
6.0
 
2.5
 
3.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.5
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
0.1
 
0.5
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
71.2
 
45.9
 
52.9
 
45.4
 
38.1
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
25.6
 
12.0
 
6.3
 
16.9
 
12.3
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
21.0
 
18.3
 
32.4
 
12.0
 
9.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.4
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
22.9
 
14.0
 
12.9
 
14.9
 
14.3
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
6.2
 
4.0
 
7.6
 
6.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
4.1
 
0.0
 
6.3
 
6.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
2.1
 
4.0
 
1.3
 
0.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
Costa Rica1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
8.5
 
45.3
 
51.4
 
39.6
 
46.4
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
8.5
 
14.2
 
16.0
 
11.3
 
15.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
0.0
 
31.2
 
35.4
 
28.4
 
30.7
 
Inspection and control
..
 
0.4
 
12.0
 
14.5
 
11.6
 
10.4
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.1
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
1.7
 
1.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
0.2
 
7.7
 
9.4
 
7.5
 
6.4
 
Input control
..
 
0.1
 
2.6
 
3.0
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
86.7
 
40.3
 
31.2
 
46.1
 
41.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
58.4
 
21.7
 
15.8
 
26.6
 
21.2
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
2.4
 
3.1
 
2.3
 
1.8
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
28.3
 
16.0
 
12.0
 
16.6
 
18.6
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
4.3
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
4.3
 
1.8
 
2.2
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.1
 
Indonesia1,6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
21.8
 
11.2
 
10.9
 
10.2
 
..
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
8.5
 
7.2
 
6.7
 
6.6
 
..
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
13.3
 
3.9
 
4.2
 
3.6
 
..
 
Inspection and control
..
 
5.2
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
2.6
 
..
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
5.2
 
3.1
 
2.9
 
2.6
 
..
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
72.8
 
76.6
 
73.1
 
83.6
 
..
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
72.8
 
57.3
 
60.3
 
53.0
 
..
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
19.2
 
12.8
 
30.6
 
..
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.2
 
1.1
 
0.8
 
1.4
 
..
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.2
 
1.1
 
0.8
 
1.4
 
..
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
7.9
 
12.1
 
2.1
 
..
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
Kazakhstan1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
0.0
 
32.8
 
30.5
 
32.5
 
35.8
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
0.0
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.8
 
6.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
0.0
 
26.2
 
23.7
 
25.7
 
29.3
 
Inspection and control
..
 
88.9
 
35.7
 
35.4
 
36.9
 
34.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
88.9
 
35.4
 
35.2
 
36.6
 
34.5
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
11.1
 
29.2
 
31.1
 
30.0
 
26.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
11.1
 
27.4
 
30.9
 
29.6
 
21.4
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
1.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
5.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
1.2
 
1.9
 
0.3
 
1.3
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
1.2
 
1.9
 
0.3
 
1.3
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.4
 
1.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.7
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
1.7
 
Philippines7
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
22.7
 
18.4
 
19.8
 
16.7
 
18.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
8.1
 
4.3
 
3.6
 
4.4
 
4.8
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
14.6
 
14.1
 
16.2
 
12.3
 
13.8
 
Inspection and control
..
 
5.7
 
2.6
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
5.7
 
2.6
 
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
63.4
 
67.1
 
66.7
 
68.2
 
66.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
50.0
 
43.4
 
34.2
 
46.8
 
49.2
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
13.4
 
23.7
 
32.5
 
21.3
 
17.3
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
2.5
 
3.2
 
1.5
 
4.4
 
3.7
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
2.5
 
3.2
 
1.5
 
4.4
 
3.7
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
5.1
 
6.5
 
6.4
 
6.5
 
6.5
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.6
 
2.3
 
3.3
 
1.9
 
1.7
 
Russia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
12.5
 
28.0
 
33.6
 
35.7
 
17.9
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
3.2
 
4.8
 
2.6
 
9.9
 
2.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
9.2
 
23.2
 
30.9
 
25.8
 
15.8
 
Inspection and control
..
 
8.1
 
33.7
 
30.1
 
24.0
 
44.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
8.1
 
33.7
 
30.1
 
24.0
 
44.1
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
16.1
 
12.9
 
11.9
 
10.4
 
15.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
11.8
 
8.0
 
10.3
 
7.8
 
6.5
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
1.0
 
4.4
 
1.3
 
2.3
 
8.2
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
3.0
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.3
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
1.3
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
1.2
 
0.9
 
0.6
 
0.8
 
1.2
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
4.4
 
2.5
 
4.1
 
5.9
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
62.2
 
20.1
 
21.3
 
25.0
 
15.2
 
South Africa1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
84.8
 
38.7
 
43.8
 
35.1
 
37.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
16.6
 
28.3
 
33.1
 
25.0
 
27.0
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
68.2
 
10.4
 
10.7
 
10.0
 
10.6
 
Inspection and control
..
 
6.9
 
17.8
 
17.3
 
20.3
 
15.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
3.4
 
8.0
 
7.7
 
9.2
 
6.9
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
3.4
 
9.9
 
9.6
 
11.1
 
8.9
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
8.2
 
35.1
 
31.8
 
35.5
 
38.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
0.2
 
5.4
 
4.7
 
5.6
 
5.8
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
5.2
 
6.3
 
5.9
 
6.2
 
7.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
16.8
 
15.4
 
16.9
 
18.2
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
2.8
 
6.5
 
5.8
 
6.8
 
7.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.1
 
8.3
 
7.1
 
9.2
 
8.6
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.1
 
8.3
 
7.1
 
9.2
 
8.6
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Ukraine1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
25.0
 
61.2
 
56.0
 
69.9
 
59.8
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
10.0
 
14.9
 
17.0
 
15.8
 
11.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
15.1
 
46.3
 
38.9
 
54.1
 
48.5
 
Inspection and control
..
 
7.7
 
31.8
 
37.1
 
23.8
 
32.3
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.4
 
11.9
 
20.2
 
5.2
 
7.7
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
7.3
 
19.9
 
16.9
 
18.6
 
24.7
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
63.0
 
1.2
 
0.3
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
7.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
55.7
 
1.2
 
0.3
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
1.0
 
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.5
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
1.0
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
0.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
2.9
 
5.2
 
1.1
 
1.7
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
3.2
 
2.3
 
1.1
 
2.6
 
3.6
 
Viet Nam7
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
10.4
 
11.5
 
11.3
 
11.7
 
11.5
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
4.6
 
4.5
 
4.6
 
4.6
 
4.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
5.8
 
7.0
 
6.7
 
7.1
 
7.1
 
Inspection and control
..
 
1.6
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
1.6
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
85.0
 
82.4
 
82.7
 
82.2
 
82.3
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
60.5
 
55.5
 
56.5
 
54.9
 
55.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
24.5
 
26.9
 
26.2
 
27.3
 
27.3
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
2.4
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
Not available
Note: p: provisional.
1. Data are presented from 1995 onwards.
2. EU12 for 1986-88; EU15 for 1995-97; and EU28 from 2014 when available.
3. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
4. For Mexico, the period 1986-88 is replaced by 1991-93.
5. OECD EU countries are included individually in the OECD total for all years prior to their accession to the EU except Latvia, for which data is not available. Slovenia is only included from 1992. The OECD total does not include the non-OECD EU member states.
6. For Indonesia, the period 2014-16 is replaced by 2013-15.
7. For Philippines and Viet Nam, the period 1995-97 is replaced by 2000-02. Data are presented from 2000 onwards.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
Source: OECD (2017), “Producer and Consumer Support Estimates”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-pcse-data-en

 
 
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