Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2017
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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2017

This report is the 30th in the series of OECD reports that monitor and evaluate agricultural policies across countries, and the fifth report to include both OECD countries and a set of emerging economies. It includes countries from all six continents, including the 35 OECD countries and the six non-OECD EU member states, as well as eleven emerging economies: Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam. Overall, the 52 countries covered by this report account for about two-thirds of global agricultural value added.

Comprehensive Country Chapters and the Statistical Annex containing detailed background tables with indicators of agricultural support are available in electronic form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr_pol-2017-en.
 

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Table A.33 – Characteristics of policy support by country You or your institution have access to this content

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AGRICULTURAL POLICY MONITORING AND EVALUATION 2017 - © OECD 2017

‌A.33Characteristics of policy support by country
As percentage of PSE
‌‌
‌1986-88‌
‌1995-97‌
‌2014-16‌
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016p‌
Australia
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
0.0
 
2.4
 
39.6
 
41.2
 
35.9
 
41.7
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
2.4
 
22.7
 
27.9
 
19.6
 
20.6
 
Support based on single commodities
72.7
 
51.5
 
1.0
 
0.3
 
0.7
 
1.7
 
Support not requiring production
11.9
 
13.4
 
43.1
 
37.0
 
47.6
 
44.5
 
Canada
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
35.2
 
44.3
 
66.6
 
63.1
 
66.3
 
70.5
 
Support with input constraints
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
70.3
 
58.7
 
76.1
 
76.7
 
76.0
 
75.8
 
Support not requiring production
3.5
 
16.9
 
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Chile1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
1.2
 
0.5
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
7.1
 
39.0
 
39.4
 
40.9
 
36.8
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
81.2
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
European Union2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
31.6
 
49.4
 
53.5
 
53.9
 
55.1
 
51.4
 
Support with input constraints
1.6
 
13.6
 
60.2
 
63.1
 
59.1
 
58.5
 
Support based on single commodities
93.1
 
70.1
 
26.1
 
24.1
 
25.9
 
28.0
 
Support not requiring production
0.4
 
0.3
 
44.0
 
46.8
 
44.8
 
40.6
 
Iceland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
0.0
 
46.7
 
41.5
 
45.7
 
39.7
 
39.3
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
94.8
 
99.5
 
98.6
 
98.6
 
98.7
 
98.5
 
Support not requiring production
0.6
 
0.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Israel1,3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
2.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
69.2
 
83.6
 
80.7
 
84.8
 
84.6
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
2.2
 
0.6
 
0.8
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
Japan
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
2.1
 
2.2
 
3.8
 
3.3
 
3.7
 
4.3
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.0
 
6.2
 
5.4
 
6.5
 
6.7
 
Support based on single commodities
92.7
 
93.3
 
86.8
 
88.0
 
86.1
 
86.2
 
Support not requiring production
3.1
 
1.9
 
7.5
 
8.2
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
Korea
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
0.0
 
0.0
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.4
 
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
Support based on single commodities
99.0
 
94.4
 
92.6
 
93.0
 
92.6
 
92.1
 
Support not requiring production
0.0
 
0.0
 
3.7
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
3.8
 
Mexico4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
0.5
 
..
 
23.3
 
26.4
 
20.7
 
22.8
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.0
 
3.2
 
3.9
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
Support based on single commodities
84.5
 
7.9
 
34.8
 
30.0
 
43.4
 
31.0
 
Support not requiring production
0.0
 
50.1
 
13.8
 
15.0
 
13.2
 
13.1
 
New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
0.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
13.4
 
54.6
 
80.9
 
81.3
 
77.7
 
82.7
 
Support not requiring production
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
32.3
 
34.9
 
29.0
 
28.0
 
31.3
 
27.9
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.7
 
9.0
 
9.9
 
8.6
 
8.6
 
Support based on single commodities
72.4
 
62.4
 
58.9
 
57.2
 
59.3
 
60.3
 
Support not requiring production
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
Switzerland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
27.1
 
22.6
 
15.3
 
16.6
 
15.6
 
13.7
 
Support with input constraints
3.9
 
20.8
 
40.7
 
42.8
 
39.7
 
39.5
 
Support based on single commodities
88.5
 
75.2
 
55.4
 
52.8
 
56.4
 
56.8
 
Support not requiring production
2.1
 
2.8
 
15.1
 
16.4
 
14.5
 
14.4
 
Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
79.5
 
74.7
 
90.4
 
89.5
 
90.7
 
90.9
 
Support with input constraints
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
Support based on single commodities
79.6
 
75.6
 
90.9
 
90.3
 
91.0
 
91.2
 
Support not requiring production
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
71.8
 
65.3
 
60.8
 
65.6
 
59.8
 
57.1
 
Support with input constraints
24.7
 
29.4
 
54.2
 
50.7
 
51.8
 
60.0
 
Support based on single commodities
71.1
 
49.0
 
44.0
 
46.4
 
45.4
 
39.1
 
Support not requiring production
2.6
 
22.1
 
29.2
 
30.3
 
26.8
 
30.3
 
OECD5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
30.4
 
35.0
 
41.9
 
42.8
 
42.6
 
40.2
 
Support with input constraints
4.8
 
10.2
 
36.2
 
37.4
 
35.2
 
36.0
 
Support based on single commodities
87.5
 
75.2
 
52.6
 
51.5
 
53.3
 
53.3
 
Support not requiring production
1.6
 
3.6
 
25.2
 
26.9
 
24.7
 
23.6
 
Brazil1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
72.0
 
79.9
 
91.1
 
45.1
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
..
 
63.4
 
50.3
 
55.4
 
76.4
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
China1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
33.1
 
74.5
 
72.7
 
75.1
 
75.5
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.8
 
2.8
 
2.6
 
Colombia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
4.0
 
9.9
 
10.6
 
11.1
 
8.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
95.1
 
83.5
 
80.2
 
82.0
 
88.6
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Costa Rica1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
1.3
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
91.0
 
96.9
 
96.4
 
96.7
 
97.5
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
Indonesia1,6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
78.3
 
92.2
 
92.3
 
92.4
 
..
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
 
Kazakhstan1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
98.2
 
..
 
32.0
 
44.9
 
..
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
0.4
 
0.2
 
..
 
Philippines7
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
97.8
 
97.1
 
98.6
 
96.5
 
95.9
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Russia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
36.2
 
70.8
 
63.1
 
62.8
 
81.0
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
4.7
 
1.0
 
2.1
 
1.6
 
0.0
 
South Africa1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
96.0
 
63.8
 
58.7
 
72.9
 
52.7
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Ukraine1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Viet Nam7
 
 
 
 
 
 
Support with output and payment limits
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support with input constraints
..
 
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Support based on single commodities
..
 
76.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Support not requiring production
..
 
4.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
..
Not available
Note: p: provisional.
The shares may add up to more than 100% as different characteristics may apply to the same payment.
1. Data are presented from 1995 onwards.
2. EU12 for 1986-88; EU15 for 1995-97; and EU28 from 2014 when available.
3. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
4. For Mexico, the period 1986-88 is replaced by 1991-93.
5. OECD EU countries are included individually in the OECD total for all years prior to their accession to the EU except Latvia, for which data is not available. Slovenia is only included from 1992. The OECD total does not include the non-OECD EU member states.
6. For Indonesia, the period 2014-16 is replaced by 2013-15.
7. For Philippines and Viet Nam, the period 1995-97 is replaced by 2000-02. Data are presented from 2000 onwards.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
Source: OECD (2017), “Producer and Consumer Support Estimates”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-pcse-data-en

 
 
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