Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2015
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Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2015

This annual publication provides information on policy developments and related support to agriculture in OECD countries and selected partner economies, measured with the OECD Producer Support Estimate methodology. Countries covered represent about 80% of the global value added in agriculture. The report includes a general discussion on developments in agricultural policies and specific chapters for each country covered.

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Table A.7 – Composition of General Services Support Estimate You or your institution have access to this content

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AGRICULTURAL POLICY MONITORING AND EVALUATION 2015 - © OECD 2015

‌A.7Composition of General Services Support Estimate
As percentage of GSSE
‌‌
‌1986-88‌
‌1995-97‌
‌2012-14‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
‌2014p‌
Australia
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
100.0
 
77.0
 
64.4
 
60.8
 
62.7
 
69.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
100.0
 
77.0
 
59.8
 
58.5
 
57.3
 
63.6
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.0
 
0.0
 
4.5
 
2.3
 
5.3
 
6.0
 
Inspection and control
0.0
 
5.1
 
9.5
 
9.1
 
9.5
 
10.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
1.4
 
1.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
5.1
 
8.4
 
8.1
 
8.0
 
9.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
0.0
 
12.9
 
25.1
 
29.4
 
26.7
 
19.2
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
5.9
 
19.7
 
23.4
 
21.8
 
13.8
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.0
 
4.4
 
5.4
 
6.0
 
5.0
 
5.4
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
1.8
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.9
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
5.0
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
2.5
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
2.5
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
0.7
 
0.7
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Canada
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
41.2
 
41.3
 
39.0
 
37.3
 
38.7
 
41.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
22.9
 
23.8
 
27.5
 
25.6
 
27.6
 
29.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
18.3
 
17.6
 
11.6
 
11.8
 
11.0
 
11.9
 
Inspection and control
25.5
 
21.6
 
39.6
 
42.3
 
40.6
 
35.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
24.5
 
20.6
 
37.3
 
40.7
 
37.9
 
33.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.0
 
0.9
 
2.3
 
1.6
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
22.2
 
12.5
 
9.9
 
9.5
 
9.2
 
10.9
 
Hydrological infrastructure
7.1
 
2.5
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
1.9
 
2.3
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
12.6
 
7.5
 
5.5
 
4.2
 
5.4
 
6.7
 
Institutional infrastructure
2.5
 
2.4
 
2.1
 
2.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
7.5
 
20.2
 
9.5
 
8.3
 
9.9
 
10.4
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
5.2
 
19.6
 
7.2
 
6.3
 
8.5
 
6.9
 
Promotion of agricultural products
2.3
 
0.6
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
1.4
 
3.5
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
3.5
 
4.4
 
2.0
 
2.6
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
Chile1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
35.8
 
24.6
 
27.3
 
24.4
 
22.2
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
34.4
 
24.2
 
26.7
 
23.9
 
21.9
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
1.4
 
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
Inspection and control
..
 
1.0
 
19.9
 
20.8
 
19.1
 
19.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
1.0
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.4
 
11.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
8.4
 
8.7
 
7.7
 
8.7
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
57.6
 
50.6
 
46.5
 
51.6
 
53.7
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
49.4
 
33.9
 
31.0
 
37.2
 
33.6
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
8.2
 
16.6
 
15.4
 
14.3
 
20.1
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.5
 
4.9
 
4.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
5.5
 
4.9
 
4.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.7
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
European Union2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
17.4
 
30.7
 
36.7
 
37.7
 
35.7
 
36.8
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
10.6
 
14.4
 
15.0
 
15.5
 
14.5
 
15.0
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
6.8
 
16.3
 
21.7
 
22.1
 
21.2
 
21.8
 
Inspection and control
2.6
 
2.6
 
5.7
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
5.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.9
 
2.1
 
4.4
 
4.6
 
4.1
 
4.6
 
Input control
0.7
 
0.4
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
20.1
 
24.3
 
30.1
 
28.1
 
30.6
 
31.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
12.6
 
15.0
 
17.2
 
14.3
 
18.3
 
18.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
1.7
 
2.4
 
3.3
 
3.0
 
2.9
 
3.9
 
Farm restructuring
5.7
 
6.9
 
9.1
 
10.2
 
8.9
 
8.3
 
Marketing and promotion
13.9
 
22.6
 
22.1
 
22.0
 
22.8
 
21.5
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
2.5
 
7.2
 
12.5
 
10.7
 
13.3
 
13.5
 
Promotion of agricultural products
11.4
 
15.4
 
9.6
 
11.3
 
9.5
 
8.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
44.6
 
17.6
 
2.3
 
2.5
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
Miscellaneous
1.4
 
2.0
 
3.1
 
3.8
 
3.4
 
2.2
 
Iceland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
26.7
 
35.5
 
11.7
 
12.4
 
11.5
 
11.3
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
20.0
 
25.2
 
11.7
 
12.4
 
11.5
 
11.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
6.7
 
10.3
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Inspection and control
5.2
 
9.5
 
40.8
 
40.8
 
40.5
 
41.3
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
5.2
 
9.5
 
40.8
 
40.8
 
40.5
 
41.3
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
12.9
 
19.4
 
2.3
 
1.6
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
10.2
 
13.0
 
2.3
 
1.6
 
2.5
 
2.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
2.7
 
6.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
8.1
 
8.0
 
4.0
 
3.4
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
8.1
 
8.0
 
4.0
 
3.4
 
4.2
 
4.5
 
Cost of public stockholding
47.1
 
27.6
 
41.1
 
41.7
 
41.4
 
40.2
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Israel1,3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
39.8
 
44.1
 
38.7
 
43.9
 
49.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
39.1
 
43.8
 
38.5
 
43.6
 
49.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
0.8
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
Inspection and control
..
 
14.3
 
15.6
 
17.6
 
13.6
 
15.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
3.6
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
2.9
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
10.7
 
12.7
 
14.8
 
10.7
 
12.8
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
2.8
 
29.4
 
33.7
 
31.6
 
22.9
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
1.7
 
13.6
 
25.4
 
3.6
 
12.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
1.1
 
6.0
 
8.2
 
4.7
 
5.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
9.8
 
0.0
 
23.3
 
6.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
15.3
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.8
 
0.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
15.3
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
0.8
 
0.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
27.7
 
9.1
 
8.6
 
9.0
 
9.7
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
1.3
 
0.9
 
1.1
 
1.9
 
Japan
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
5.9
 
4.6
 
13.6
 
14.5
 
13.0
 
13.4
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
3.6
 
3.2
 
8.8
 
9.9
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
2.3
 
1.4
 
4.8
 
4.7
 
4.8
 
5.0
 
Inspection and control
0.6
 
0.5
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.6
 
0.5
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.9
 
0.8
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.4
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
88.3
 
90.4
 
82.2
 
80.6
 
83.7
 
82.4
 
Hydrological infrastructure
33.7
 
30.5
 
38.1
 
40.4
 
38.1
 
35.7
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
47.2
 
55.3
 
33.5
 
33.3
 
34.3
 
33.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
7.4
 
4.6
 
10.6
 
6.9
 
11.2
 
13.8
 
Marketing and promotion
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
2.3
 
0.6
 
0.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
Promotion of agricultural products
1.7
 
1.3
 
1.1
 
2.1
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
Cost of public stockholding
3.4
 
3.1
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.5
 
2.1
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Korea
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
6.6
 
11.6
 
24.7
 
23.4
 
26.1
 
24.7
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
6.0
 
9.9
 
21.2
 
21.7
 
21.3
 
20.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.6
 
1.6
 
3.5
 
1.7
 
4.8
 
4.2
 
Inspection and control
2.6
 
2.3
 
5.8
 
6.0
 
5.9
 
5.3
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
1.8
 
1.7
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.4
 
3.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.6
 
0.4
 
2.4
 
2.7
 
2.4
 
2.1
 
Input control
0.3
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
46.5
 
75.0
 
49.1
 
50.1
 
50.8
 
46.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
44.9
 
62.2
 
39.1
 
38.2
 
41.0
 
38.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
1.5
 
12.4
 
8.1
 
9.7
 
7.8
 
6.7
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.1
 
0.5
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
1.7
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
0.4
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.4
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
2.1
 
Cost of public stockholding
44.2
 
10.7
 
18.3
 
18.2
 
15.3
 
21.4
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Mexico4
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
27.5
 
55.7
 
47.9
 
44.2
 
46.9
 
52.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
10.5
 
20.8
 
12.1
 
11.7
 
11.5
 
13.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
17.0
 
35.0
 
35.8
 
32.5
 
35.4
 
39.5
 
Inspection and control
0.0
 
6.2
 
10.9
 
13.7
 
9.2
 
10.0
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
2.0
 
3.6
 
4.6
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
4.6
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
Input control
0.0
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
4.6
 
3.1
 
3.3
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
27.7
 
17.1
 
38.4
 
38.7
 
41.5
 
35.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
24.6
 
14.3
 
31.7
 
36.8
 
29.4
 
29.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
1.4
 
0.7
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
6.7
 
2.0
 
12.1
 
6.0
 
Farm restructuring
1.7
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
7.9
 
6.0
 
2.8
 
3.5
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
7.9
 
6.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.0
 
2.8
 
3.5
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
Cost of public stockholding
36.9
 
15.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
50.7
 
64.7
 
48.7
 
47.5
 
49.4
 
49.2
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
50.7
 
61.6
 
31.5
 
31.6
 
31.2
 
31.8
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
0.0
 
3.2
 
17.2
 
15.9
 
18.2
 
17.4
 
Inspection and control
26.3
 
24.0
 
31.7
 
31.8
 
31.6
 
31.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
4.0
 
21.7
 
30.8
 
30.7
 
30.7
 
30.9
 
Input control
22.4
 
2.3
 
1.0
 
1.1
 
0.9
 
0.9
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
23.0
 
11.2
 
19.6
 
20.8
 
19.0
 
19.0
 
Hydrological infrastructure
23.0
 
5.6
 
13.2
 
13.9
 
13.6
 
12.1
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.0
 
5.6
 
6.4
 
6.9
 
5.3
 
6.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Norway
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
55.4
 
56.6
 
54.3
 
52.3
 
51.9
 
58.6
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
15.4
 
20.1
 
18.6
 
19.8
 
18.5
 
17.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
40.0
 
36.4
 
35.7
 
32.5
 
33.4
 
41.2
 
Inspection and control
3.8
 
17.6
 
24.5
 
26.1
 
26.4
 
21.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.5
 
24.5
 
26.1
 
26.4
 
21.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
3.8
 
17.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
24.0
 
11.3
 
16.3
 
17.5
 
16.5
 
14.8
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
8.2
 
3.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
15.9
 
8.1
 
9.7
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
8.8
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
6.6
 
7.3
 
6.4
 
6.0
 
Marketing and promotion
16.8
 
12.3
 
5.0
 
4.2
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
16.8
 
12.3
 
5.0
 
4.2
 
5.2
 
5.6
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
2.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Switzerland
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
25.5
 
27.9
 
46.8
 
46.2
 
47.2
 
47.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
19.9
 
21.4
 
29.3
 
28.9
 
29.5
 
29.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
5.6
 
6.4
 
17.5
 
17.4
 
17.6
 
17.6
 
Inspection and control
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
2.1
 
2.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
18.6
 
14.1
 
12.4
 
12.1
 
12.5
 
12.4
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
18.6
 
14.1
 
12.4
 
12.1
 
12.5
 
12.4
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
6.6
 
7.6
 
8.3
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
6.6
 
7.6
 
8.3
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
7.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
15.2
 
14.0
 
5.4
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.4
 
Miscellaneous
31.9
 
33.9
 
25.6
 
25.7
 
25.6
 
25.6
 
Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
14.9
 
1.7
 
1.4
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
13.9
 
1.5
 
1.4
 
1.8
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
1.0
 
0.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Inspection and control
15.9
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
15.9
 
2.5
 
2.0
 
2.4
 
1.7
 
1.8
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
7.3
 
19.9
 
83.8
 
95.8
 
74.6
 
80.8
 
Hydrological infrastructure
4.8
 
19.5
 
83.8
 
95.8
 
74.6
 
80.8
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
2.5
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
27.6
 
72.3
 
12.8
 
0.0
 
22.3
 
16.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
27.6
 
72.3
 
12.8
 
0.0
 
22.3
 
16.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
34.3
 
3.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
36.3
 
34.9
 
30.0
 
38.9
 
22.1
 
29.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
33.3
 
32.1
 
27.6
 
36.0
 
20.2
 
26.6
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
3.0
 
2.8
 
2.4
 
2.9
 
1.9
 
2.6
 
Inspection and control
12.0
 
13.2
 
16.5
 
19.7
 
12.8
 
16.8
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
12.0
 
13.2
 
13.1
 
16.7
 
9.9
 
12.6
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Input control
0.0
 
0.0
 
3.4
 
3.0
 
3.0
 
4.2
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
0.4
 
0.6
 
21.8
 
-1.2
 
41.1
 
25.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.0
 
0.1
 
21.6
 
-1.5
 
40.9
 
25.3
 
Farm restructuring
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
15.9
 
15.4
 
15.9
 
22.5
 
12.2
 
12.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
15.9
 
15.4
 
15.9
 
22.5
 
12.2
 
12.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
0.0
 
1.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
35.4
 
34.6
 
15.8
 
20.1
 
11.8
 
15.5
 
OECD5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
18.0
 
18.3
 
29.5
 
30.9
 
27.4
 
30.2
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
12.4
 
11.5
 
17.8
 
19.2
 
16.4
 
17.8
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
5.6
 
6.7
 
11.7
 
11.8
 
11.1
 
12.3
 
Inspection and control
4.3
 
3.4
 
8.6
 
9.1
 
8.1
 
8.6
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
2.5
 
2.0
 
4.5
 
5.0
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
1.4
 
1.3
 
2.8
 
2.9
 
2.5
 
2.9
 
Input control
0.4
 
0.1
 
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
40.7
 
52.6
 
42.8
 
41.0
 
45.8
 
41.6
 
Hydrological infrastructure
13.8
 
19.0
 
17.3
 
19.5
 
16.4
 
15.9
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
21.4
 
28.8
 
14.6
 
15.1
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
Institutional infrastructure
0.8
 
0.8
 
5.7
 
1.2
 
9.8
 
6.1
 
Farm restructuring
4.7
 
4.0
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.3
 
Marketing and promotion
9.0
 
13.7
 
12.4
 
11.9
 
12.6
 
12.6
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
1.5
 
2.6
 
4.7
 
3.8
 
5.0
 
5.4
 
Promotion of agricultural products
7.5
 
11.0
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
7.6
 
7.2
 
Cost of public stockholding
22.3
 
7.6
 
2.5
 
2.4
 
2.0
 
2.9
 
Miscellaneous
5.7
 
4.5
 
4.3
 
4.7
 
4.1
 
4.1
 
Brazil1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
23.2
 
14.8
 
16.7
 
15.2
 
12.5
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
16.6
 
13.7
 
15.5
 
14.1
 
11.5
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
6.5
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.1
 
1.0
 
Inspection and control
..
 
3.7
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
8.8
 
5.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
1.8
 
2.1
 
3.6
 
0.9
 
1.6
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
1.8
 
4.9
 
3.4
 
7.9
 
3.5
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
58.0
 
51.2
 
47.5
 
52.0
 
54.2
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
20.0
 
23.6
 
11.9
 
29.0
 
30.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.3
 
5.2
 
8.5
 
2.2
 
4.9
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
37.6
 
22.4
 
27.1
 
20.8
 
19.3
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.2
 
6.3
 
15.1
 
1.6
 
2.0
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.2
 
6.3
 
15.1
 
1.6
 
2.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
15.0
 
20.8
 
13.8
 
22.4
 
26.1
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
China1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
8.2
 
28.5
 
29.3
 
28.6
 
27.7
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
1.0
 
14.3
 
14.4
 
14.4
 
14.2
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
7.3
 
14.2
 
14.9
 
14.2
 
13.5
 
Inspection and control
..
 
4.9
 
6.5
 
6.8
 
6.4
 
6.3
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
2.6
 
2.7
 
2.5
 
2.5
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
4.9
 
3.2
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.7
 
0.9
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
23.4
 
36.8
 
39.9
 
35.4
 
35.2
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
18.8
 
21.6
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
23.4
 
6.1
 
5.5
 
6.3
 
6.6
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
2.3
 
3.1
 
2.4
 
1.3
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
9.6
 
9.7
 
9.4
 
9.8
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
0.9
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
0.9
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
63.5
 
26.2
 
21.6
 
27.2
 
29.9
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Colombia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
25.7
 
23.2
 
21.9
 
17.7
 
30.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
10.5
 
4.2
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
7.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
15.2
 
19.0
 
19.4
 
15.1
 
22.4
 
Inspection and control
..
 
3.5
 
7.2
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
8.9
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
2.0
 
1.0
 
0.0
 
1.1
 
1.9
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
1.0
 
5.9
 
5.4
 
5.8
 
6.5
 
Input control
..
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
70.8
 
67.8
 
72.0
 
74.7
 
56.7
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
25.5
 
7.6
 
6.9
 
9.1
 
6.7
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
20.9
 
46.0
 
51.5
 
51.6
 
34.7
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
1.7
 
1.4
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.5
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
22.7
 
12.9
 
12.2
 
12.8
 
13.8
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
1.7
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
4.3
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
1.7
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
4.3
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Indonesia1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
22.1
 
10.9
 
8.8
 
12.9
 
10.9
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
8.6
 
6.6
 
4.5
 
8.7
 
6.7
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
13.5
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
Inspection and control
..
 
5.3
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
4.0
 
2.9
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
5.3
 
3.5
 
3.5
 
4.0
 
2.9
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
72.4
 
72.5
 
74.7
 
69.8
 
73.1
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
72.4
 
61.3
 
63.1
 
60.5
 
60.3
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
11.2
 
11.6
 
9.3
 
12.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.2
 
0.7
 
0.2
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.2
 
0.7
 
0.2
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
12.1
 
12.4
 
12.0
 
12.1
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
Kazakhstan1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
0.0
 
12.1
 
9.5
 
16.0
 
10.9
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
0.0
 
7.6
 
8.2
 
6.3
 
8.3
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
0.0
 
4.5
 
1.3
 
9.7
 
2.6
 
Inspection and control
..
 
96.0
 
62.9
 
67.9
 
81.4
 
39.3
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
96.0
 
62.7
 
67.8
 
81.1
 
39.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.3
 
0.1
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
4.0
 
21.4
 
18.0
 
0.6
 
45.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
4.0
 
20.8
 
17.3
 
0.3
 
44.9
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
0.6
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.0
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.3
 
1.4
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.8
 
0.7
 
0.3
 
1.4
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
1.1
 
1.5
 
1.0
 
0.8
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
1.8
 
2.5
 
0.7
 
2.1
 
Russian Federation1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
19.7
 
43.9
 
48.6
 
33.0
 
50.1
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
5.4
 
12.2
 
13.4
 
9.1
 
14.0
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
14.3
 
31.8
 
35.2
 
24.0
 
36.1
 
Inspection and control
..
 
13.6
 
27.5
 
32.4
 
19.4
 
30.7
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
13.6
 
27.5
 
32.4
 
19.4
 
30.7
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
17.7
 
12.6
 
11.2
 
12.1
 
14.4
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
10.1
 
8.4
 
9.6
 
6.7
 
9.1
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
2.6
 
3.4
 
0.1
 
5.1
 
5.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
4.8
 
0.6
 
1.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
2.1
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
0.4
 
0.8
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
2.1
 
0.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.4
 
0.1
 
0.4
 
0.6
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.4
 
0.7
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
46.9
 
15.2
 
7.7
 
34.7
 
3.3
 
South Africa1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
83.2
 
41.3
 
44.3
 
40.5
 
39.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
17.7
 
30.4
 
32.1
 
30.2
 
29.1
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
65.5
 
10.8
 
12.3
 
10.3
 
9.9
 
Inspection and control
..
 
7.8
 
16.2
 
16.3
 
16.2
 
16.2
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
3.9
 
7.1
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
3.9
 
9.1
 
9.3
 
9.0
 
9.0
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
8.9
 
35.6
 
33.9
 
36.5
 
36.5
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
0.2
 
3.2
 
2.0
 
3.2
 
4.5
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
5.6
 
4.3
 
3.0
 
4.0
 
5.8
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
16.6
 
16.9
 
18.0
 
15.1
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
3.2
 
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.4
 
11.1
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
0.1
 
6.9
 
5.5
 
6.8
 
8.2
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.1
 
6.9
 
5.5
 
6.8
 
8.2
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Ukraine1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system
..
 
25.2
 
46.6
 
45.8
 
38.0
 
56.0
 
Agricultural knowledge generation
..
 
10.1
 
12.2
 
9.5
 
10.1
 
17.0
 
Agricultural knowledge transfer
..
 
15.2
 
34.4
 
36.4
 
27.9
 
38.9
 
Inspection and control
..
 
7.9
 
31.1
 
25.7
 
30.5
 
37.1
 
Agricultural product safety and inspection
..
 
0.4
 
16.5
 
12.6
 
16.6
 
20.2
 
Pest and disease inspection and control
..
 
7.5
 
14.6
 
13.1
 
13.9
 
16.9
 
Input control
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Development and maintenance of infrastructure
..
 
62.4
 
8.9
 
20.9
 
5.6
 
0.3
 
Hydrological infrastructure
..
 
7.6
 
5.2
 
15.7
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Storage, marketing and other physical infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
1.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Institutional infrastructure
..
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
1.9
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
Farm restructuring
..
 
54.8
 
2.5
 
1.7
 
5.6
 
0.3
 
Marketing and promotion
..
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
1.1
 
0.5
 
Collective schemes for processing and marketing
..
 
0.0
 
0.3
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
0.5
 
Promotion of agricultural products
..
 
1.0
 
0.4
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.0
 
Cost of public stockholding
..
 
0.0
 
10.8
 
4.9
 
22.2
 
5.2
 
Miscellaneous
..
 
3.4
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.6
 
1.1
 
..
Not available
Note: 1986-88, 1995-97 and 2012-14: unweighted averages. p: provisional.
A revised GSSE definition with new categories was introduced in 2014. When possible, the revision was implemented for the whole time series. The GSSE series and the resulting TSE are not comparable with the series published previously. (For more details see the Annex 1.A1 to Chapter 1).
1. Data are presented from 1995 onwards.
2. EU12 for 1986-88; EU15 for 1995-97; EU27 for 2012-13; and EU28 from 2014 when available.
3. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
4. For Mexico, the period 1986-88 is replaced by 1991-93.
5. OECD EU countries are included individually in the OECD total for all years prior to their accession to the EU. Slovenia is only included from 1992. The OECD total does not include the non-OECD EU member states.
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
Source: OECD (2015), “Producer and Consumer Support Estimates”,OECD Agriculture statistics(database). doi:dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-pcse-data-en

 
 
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