Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation

Frequency :
Annual
ISSN :
2221-7371 (online)
ISSN :
2221-7363 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/22217371
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This annual report is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture and is complemented by individual chapters on agricultural policy developments in all countries covered in the report. Data for the calculations of support are available on line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSE

Also available in: French
 
Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2012

Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2012

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
19 Sep 2012
Pages :
288
ISBN :
9789264173538 (PDF) ; 9789264173521 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/agr_pol-2012-en

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This report on agricultural policies covers OECD member countries (including the new members who joined during 2010 – Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia). This edition shows that after an increase in 2009, producer support in OECD area declined in 2010 and remained rather stable in 2011. In the longer term perspective the OECD estimates of support confirm the downward trend in support to farmers. This report is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture in the OECD area and is complemented by individual chapters on agricultural policy developments in OECD countries. Data for the calculations of support are available on line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSE.

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    Foreword

    This report Agricultural Policies: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 – OECD Countries monitors agricultural policy developments in OECD member countries. The OECD uses a comprehensive system for measuring and classifying support to agriculture – the Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs and CSEs) and related indicators. They provide insight into the increasingly complex nature of agricultural policy and serve as a basis for OECD’s agricultural policy monitoring and evaluation.

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    List of acronyms and abbreviations

    Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement

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    Executive summary

    In 2011 support to producers across the OECD area amounted to USD 252 billion or EUR 182 billion as measured by the Producer Support Estimate (PSE). This is equivalent to 19% of farm gross receipts in OECD countries, down slightly from 20% in 2010. This is the lowest level observed since OECD began measuring support in the mid-1980s, when the PSE as percentage of gross farm receipts was almost twice as high (37%).

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Agricultural policies: Monitoring and evaluation 2012 OECD countries

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      Evaluation of developments in agricultural policy and support

      The key economic and market developments which provide the framework for the implementation of agricultural policies and related support to farming sector are analysed in the first part of this chapter. Highlights are then presented of the main recent changes and new initiatives in agricultural policies in 2011-12 in OECD countries. Finally, the developments in the estimated support (using the OECD PSE methodology) are evaluated in terms of its level, composition and changes over time in OECD countries.

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      Fostering innovation and productivity growth in agriculture

      This chapter includes a discussion of how policy makers in OECD countries and emerging economies can pursue the global challenge of improving productivity growth sustainability by improving innovation systems and agricultural policies. Developments in agricultural productivity growth and resource use are first presented to outline the issue. The different ways innovation systems, agricultural policy, farm structure and other factors affect agricultural productivity and sustainability are then discussed. Suggestions are made to strengthen innovation systems, and to improve agricultural policies, in order to foster agricultural productivity growth efficiently and sustainably. The need to improve policy coherence is stressed in the conclusion.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Country chapters

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      Developments in agricultural support in the OECD area

      This chapter contains the information concerning the short and long-term developments of the level and structure of support in the OECD area.

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      Australia

      The Australia country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Canada

      The Canada country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Chile

      The Chile country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      European Union

      The European Union country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Iceland

      The Iceland country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Israel

      The Israel country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Japan

      The Japan country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Korea

      The Korea country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Mexico

      The Mexico country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      New Zealand

      The New Zealand country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Norway

      The Norway country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Switzerland

      The Switzerland country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Turkey

      The Turkey country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      United States

      The United States country chapter includes a brief evaluation of policy developments and related support to agriculture, contextual information on the framework in which agricultural policies are implemented and the main characteristics of the agricultural sector, an evaluation of support in 2010-11 and in the longer term perspective, and a brief description of the main policy developments in 2011-12.

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      Sources and definitions of contextual indicators

      Gross Domestic Product – GDP (USD million): OECD National Accounts, Gross domestic product, national currency, current prices. Spot exchange rates used for conversion in USD.

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