Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries

1999-1169 (online)
1563-0463 (print)
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OECD’s annual report on agricultural policies in OECD countries details the latest data on support to agriculture in each country and examines issues related to agricultural support and policy. The report is presented in alternating forms each year: the more detailed and analytical Monitoring and Evaluation report and the statistics only At a Glance report.

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Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2009

Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries 2009

Monitoring and Evaluation You do not have access to this content

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06 July 2009
9789264061736 (PDF) ;9789264061729(print)

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This report is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture. It provides an overview of agricultural support in the OECD area, complemented by individual chapters on agricultural policy developments in all OECD countries. This edition finds that overall support to farmers in OECD countries has been declining. It shows that the decline has largely been due to a narrowing of the gap between domestic and world agricultural commodity prices.

The report also focuses on the impacts of the current financial and economic crisis on agriculture, and the policy responses. Agriculture is expected to fare better than many other sectors. It has a relatively smaller financial exposure, demand is less sensitive to income falls, and the existing set of support policies in many countries can dampen the impact of the crisis. Governments are facing tighter fiscal conditions, which is likely to prompt further review of support policies, including for agriculture.

The 2008 United States Farm Act, the Health Check of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy and the new Growing Forward policy framework in Canada are also reviewed in the report. A special feature in the report focuses on agri-environmental policies in OECD countries.

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  • Foreword
    Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2009 is the 19th edition of a series which is published in alternate years with the shorter version, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: At a Glance. These two publications examine agricultural policies in OECD countries in response to the request by OECD ministers to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the principles for agricultural policy reform.
  • List of Acronyms
  • Executive Summary
    In 2008, support to producers in the OECD area was estimated at USD 265 billion or EUR 182 billion, as measured by the Producer Support Estimate (PSE). This is equivalent to 21% of aggregate gross receipts of OECD farm producers, down from 22% in 2007 and 26% in 2006. The currently observed level of producer support is the lowest since the mid-1980s.
  • Evaluation of Recent Developments in Agricultural Policy and Support
    This chapter evaluates the main changes in agricultural policies and the recent developments in agricultural support. A special focus is given to the implications of the financial and economic crisis and the way the agricultural sector has been responding to changes in the world economy. Progress continued in decoupling support from production, but production-linked support is still significant. There are wide variations in the levels and composition of support across countries.
  • Developments in Agri-environmental Policies in OECD Countries
    This chapter describes the various policy measures implemented to address agrienvironmental issues in OECD countries, and especially those policies that provide transfers to farmers. It reviews natural resource-use issues in agriculture, objectives of agri-environmental policies, and specific policy instruments used to achieve these objectives. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the trends in agri-environmental payments.
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • European Union
  • Iceland
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • Summary Tables of Estimates of Support for OECD Countries
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