Agricultural Policies in Costa Rica
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Agricultural Policies in Costa Rica

Costa Rica’s strong agricultural sector is underpinned by the country’s political stability, robust economic growth and high levels of human development.  The sector has achieved significant export success, yet raising productivity and staying competitive in world markets will require efforts to address bottlenecks in infrastructure, innovation and access to financial services.  Maximising Costa Rica’s comparative advantage in higher-value niche products will depend upon more efficient services to agriculture, including better implementation of programmes, improved co-ordination among institutions, and reduced bureaucracy. While overall protection for agriculture is relatively low compared to OECD countries, it is nonetheless highly distorting to production and trade. Managing the transition to scheduled liberalisation presents an opportunity to reform costly policies, and to implement an alternative policy package with new investments in innovation, productivity and diversification, supported by transition assistance where needed. Costa Rican agriculture’s vulnerability to extreme weather events is expected to worsen with climate change, and even while the country is among global leaders in environmental protection, sustainable development and climate change mitigation, further adaptation efforts will be necessary.

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The agricultural policy context in Costa Rica You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD

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This chapter examines the key characteristics of the agricultural sector in Costa Rica. It includes a brief overview of the political, economic, social, and geographical factors that constitute the broad context for the development of the agricultural sector. The sector’s role in the economy is outlined, including structural change over the last two decades, farm structure and producer characteristics and trends in agricultural productivity. The chapter concludes by examining trade flows in the agricultural sector, as well as the structure of upstream and downstream sectors and marketing chains at national level.

 
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