Agricultural Innovation Systems

Agricultural Innovation Systems

A Framework for Analysing the Role of the Government You do not have access to this content

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Author(s):
OECD
Publication Date :
19 June 2013
Pages :
106
ISBN :
9789264200593 (PDF) ; 9789264200586 (print)
DOI :
10.1787/9789264200593-en

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This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and discusses the impact of a wide range of policies on the creation and diffusion of innovation in the agricultural and agrifood sector. It suggests a framework for analysing the role of governments in fostering increased innovation, with a view to helping to identify practical actions that governments could take to improve productivity growth, sustainable use of resources, and resilience to future market developments in national and global agriculture and agri-food systems.

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  • Click to Access:  Foreword

    Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS) are key to improving the economic, environmental and social performance of the agri-food sector. The long-term positive impact of agricultural research and development (R and D) on productivity growth is well established, and technologies and practices can help improve the sustainability of natural resource use. In recognition of their potential contribution to challenges facing the agri-food sector, AIS are the subject of renewed attention from policy makers.

  • Click to Access:  Executive summary

    This report reviews recent trends in Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS) and discusses the impact of a wide range of policies on the creation and diffusion of innovation in the agricultural and agri-food sector. It suggests a framework for analysing the role of governments in fostering increased innovation, with a view to helping to identify practical actions that governments could take to improve productivity growth, sustainable use of resources, and resilience to future market developments in national and global agriculture and agri-food systems.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Overview of agricultural innovation systems: main issues and trends

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    • Click to Access:  Fostering innovation: The policy challenge

      This chapter provides a definition of innovation, highlights its importance in fostering economic growth, and outlines the main challenges and opportunities faced by Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS).

    • Click to Access:  Overview of agricultural innovation system developments

      This chapter presents an overview of the main trends in Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS). AIS are diverse, but there are common trends in developed and emerging economies. The scope of innovation has broadened and today AIS include more actors and more diverse institutions. At the international level, a greater number of countries (e.g. Brazil) are active players in agricultural R and D and technology transfers. As such, there is an increased need for interaction not only across components of the AIS, cut also with other innovation sectors and across countries. This is especially the case as budget constraints have been tightened in many countries, while demand for more innovation is growing. This requires stronger governance, planning, priority setting and evaluation mechanisms. This, in turn, has prompted many countries to review their AIS and its performance.

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  • Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts The role of governments in agricultural innovation

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    • Click to Access:  Economy-wide policies and innovation

      This chapter examines general policies affecting the socio-economic and business environment for innovation, from macroeconomics to health and education policy, including business regulations. Although the discussion remains general, how these policies affect innovation in agri-food firms and farms is more closely examined.

    • Click to Access:  Agricultural policies and innovation

      This chapter discusses how agricultural domestic policies, trade policies and agriculture-related policies affect the adoption of innovation in this sector and facilitate the acceptance of agricultural innovation by consumers and society.

    • Click to Access:  Innovation policy and agricultural innovation systems

      This chapter outlines government's role in the governance of innovation systems. It also considers direct government involvement in the creation, diffusion and transmission of knowledge, and in encouraging knowledge flows and interactions at national and international levels. These aspects are discussed both in general terms and in reference to Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS).

    • Click to Access:  The role of the government in improving agriculture innovation

      This chapter draws a number of conclusions regarding the governance of Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS) and the coherence of policies that affect innovation in agriculture and the agri-food sector. It suggests a framework to analyse the role of governments to improve agriculture innovation.

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